Table 1

Determinants for Chlamydia (Ct) testing and motivating peers for Ct testing among young people by systematic literature search (March 2012) and semi-structured interviews (nā€‰=ā€‰21)
Ct Testing Motivating peers
Personal determinants Personal determinants
Knowledge about: Knowledge about the transmission of Ct among sexual and social network members [interviews]
- STI and in particular asymptomatic disease [35-37]
- Ct effects [36,37,39]
- Ct testing methods [36,37]
Fear of parental notification [36]
Attitudes towards testing: Attitudes towards motivating:
- Shame about Ct testing [37-39] - Perceived stigmatization/embarrassment [42-44], interviews
- Embarrassment about Ct testing [36-39]
- Fear of test results [36,38,39] - Emotional commitment with peers [42,44], interviews
- Fear of testing procedure [37,39] - Personal health benefit (re-infection) [42], interviews
- Blaming towards sexual partners [42]
- Fear of reaction (e.g. aggression) [42-44], interviews
Perceived social norms of Ct testing among peers [38,39], interviews Perceived social norm of motivation among peers [interviews]
Risk perception towards testing: Availability and accessibility of contact details*
- Awareness of vulnerability/risk for Ct
[35,36,38]
[42-44], Interviews
- Awareness of severity of Ct [36,38]
Self-efficacy:
- Afraid to visit public health services [37], interviews

* will be excluded in this study, because this determinant can not be changed.

Theunissen et al.

Theunissen et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:996   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-996

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