Table 1

Characteristics of study population (in 2002) according to famine exposure in early life (N=2007)
Exposed cohort Non-exposed cohort
Late childhood Mid childhood Early childhood Fetal-exposed
N 468 405 424 272 438
Women (%) 53.0 57.0 52.6 59.9 54.1
Birth date
 (From Oct 1, year) 1952 1954 1956 1959 1962
 (To Sep 30, year) 1954 1956 1958 1961 1964
Age in 2002 (years) 48-49 46-47 44-45 41-42 38-39
Anemia (%) 29.7 28.2 28.1 33.8 26.0
Hypertension (%) 29.1 26.4 21.5 21.3 17.8
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 13.3(1.9) 13.3(1.9) 13.5(2.0) 13.2(1.9) 13.5(1.9)
Ferritin (μg/l) a 87.3(83.4) 96.9(92.5) 77.9(65.6) 79.9(83.3) 98.7(90.5)
Height (cm) 160.4(7.7) 160.1(7.8) 160.1(7.8) 160.8(7.3) 162.2(8.0)
Weight (kg) 61.6(9.6) 64.0(47.7) 61.4(10.2) 63.2(10.1) 62.8(11.3)
BMI (kg/m2) 23.9(3.1) 24.9(17.1) 23.9(3.4) 24.4(3.3) 23.8(3.3)
Overweight (BMI≥24 kg/m2) (%) 45.3 46.3 43.6 49.3 42.7
Comorbidity (%)
 Anemia and overweight 14.3 16.3 13.4 16.2 8.7
 Anemia and hypertension 7.9 5.7 6.4 6.3 2.7
Smoker (%) 33.0 28.9 30.8 25.6 27.4
Alcohol drinker (%) 27.7 25.0 31.4 24.7 26.2
Education (%)
 Low 63.7 52.3 42.9 34.2 25.3
 Medium 29.1 34.3 33.5 36.4 53.7
 High 7.3 13.3 23.6 29.4 21.0
Manual job (%) 62.9 60.2 64.1 60.9 61.1
Living in rural (%) 77.2 72.5 75.2 64.6 65.6
Intake of iron (mg/d) a
 Total iron 25.8(10.9) 27.0(11.2) 27.3(11.0) 26.2(9.9) 27.6(11.7)
 Non heme iron 22.9(10.0) 24.0(10.4) 24.6(11.4) 24.0(10.1) 25.1(11.6)
 Heme iron 2.9(5.2) 3.0(4.1) 2.7(3.3) 2.3(2.8) 2.5(3.5)

Values are % or mean (SD) unless otherwise specified.

a N=735 (167 in late childhood, 149 in mid childhood, 157 in early childhood, 99 in fetal exposed, 163 in non-exposed cohorts).

Shi et al.

Shi et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:904   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-904

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