Table 10

Age-adjusted percentage of men and women having CVD risk factors by income level
CVD risk factors Men Women
Low Middle High Low Middle High
Hypertension* 52 (0.001) 47 (0.001) 58 (0.001) 51 (0.001) 37 (0.001) 29 (0.001)
Diabetes+ 15 (0.001) 19 (0.001) 22 (0.001) 16 (0.001) 11 (0.001) 9 (0.001)
Hypercholesterolemiaδ 62 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 78 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 73 (0.001) 68 (0.001)
Smokerθ 51 (0.001) 48 (0.001) 55 (0.001) 9 (0.001) 3 (0.001) 5 (0.001)
Overweightψ 21 (0.001) 38 (0.001) 49 (0.001) 35 (0.001) 41 (0.001) 32 (0.001)

Note: Figures in parentheses refer to p-values.

*Mean SBP (Systolic Blood Pressure) ≥ 140 mm Hg or Mean DBP (Diastolic Blood Pressure) ≥ 90 mm Hg or using medication.

+Mean plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL or 7.0 mmol/Lit.

δMean Plasma cholesterol ≥ 5.2 mmol/Lit.

θSmokes at least one cigarette per day.

ψBMI (Body Mass Index) ≥ 25.0.

Rasiah et al.

Rasiah et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:886   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-886

Open Data