Table 1

Study population: demographic and social characteristics of 2142 screened individuals
All (n=2142) Centres (a)
A (n=700) B (n=951) C (n=491)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender Male 1551 (72.4) 584 (83.4) 616 (64.8) 351 (71.5)
Age (yrs) Median (IQR) 32.3 (26.2-41.9) 28.9 (24.4-33.9) 38.0 (29.4-49.1) 32.2 (26.9-39.9)
Length of stay in Italy (yrs) Median (IQR) 2.1 (1.1-4.9) 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 3.0 (1.3-6.8) 3.2 (1.2-5.8)
Education (yrs) None/Not available 441 (20.6) 104 (14.9) 155 (16.3) 182 (37.1)
1-8 725 (33.8) 290 (41.4) 341 (35.9) 94 (19.1)
9+ 976 (45.6) 306 (43.7) 455 (47.8) 215 (43.8)
Median (IQR) 8 (6–13) 8 (5–12) 8 (8–13) 8 (8–12)
Geographic origin Europe (b) 527 (24.6) 2 (0.3) 402 (42.3) 123 (25.1)
 Europe EU (pre-2004)+Western non EU 5 (0.2) - 5 (0.5) -
 New EU 404 (18.9) - 308 (32.4) 96 (19.6)
 Other European countries 118 (5.5) 2 (0.3) 89 (9.4) 27 (5.5)
Northern Africa 161 (7.5) 1 (0.1) 57 (6.0) 103 (21.0)
Sub-Saharan Africa 799 (37.3) 548 (78.3) 211 (22.2) 40 (8.1)
Latin America 61 (2.8) 1 (0.1) 54 (5.7) 6 (1.2)
Asia 594 (27.7) 148 (21.1) 227 (23.9) 219 (44.6)
TB incidence rate in the country of origin (/105) (c) <25 151 (7.0) 12 (1.7) 108 (11.4) 31 (6.3)
25-49 101 (4.7) 6 (0.9) 39 (4.1) 56 (11.4)
50-99 424 (19.8) 158 (22.6) 190 (20.0) 76 (15.5)
100-299 1176 (54.9) 292 (41.7) 558 (58.7) 326 (66.4)
300+ 290 (13.5) 232 (33.1) 56 (5.9) 2 (0.4)
Occupation Yes 884 (41.3) 373 (53.3) 229 (24.1) 282 (57.4)
Migration pattern Regular 568 (26.5) 6 (0.9) 462 (48.6) 100 (20.4)
Irregular 710 (33.1) 3 (0.4) 319 (33.5) 388 (79.0)
Asylum seeker/refugee 776 (36.2) 614 (87.7) 161 (16.9) 1 (0.2)
Other/Not available 88 (4.1) 77 (11.0) 9 (0.9) 2 (0.4)
Place of residence Apartment 1108 (51.7) 193 (27.6) 433 (45.5) 482 (98.2)
Immigration centre 532 (24.8) 285 (40.7) 246 (25.9) 1 (0.2)
Homeless/dormitories 466 (21.8) 221 (31.6) 240 (25.2) 5 (1.0)
Not available 36 (1.7) 1 (0.1) 32 (3.4) 3 (0.6)
NHS registration (d) Yes 804 (37.5) 699 (99.9) 105 (11.0) 0 (−)
Previous healthcare in Italy Yes 577 (28.9) 259 (41.3) 228 (24.0) 60 (12.2)

(a) A: Public health service for asylum seekers/refugees; B: NGO health service for migrants; C: Public health service for migrants;

(b) According to EUROTB report classification: http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/1103_TB_SUR_2009.pdf webcite;

(c) According to WHO estimates: http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/2010/en/index.html webcite;

(d) Registration with the Italian National Health Service.

Sañé Schepisi et al.

Sañé Schepisi et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:872   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-872

Open Data