Table 1

Associations between the baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, and diabetes self-management education program utilization
Diabetes self-management education program attendees Diabetes self-management education program non-attendees Unadjusted p-value Adjusted relative risk Adjusted p-value
(n = 9,899) % (n = 39,131) % (95% CI)
Age 18-44 1,884 (19.7) 6,564 (17.7) <0.001 1.00 <Ref
45-54 2,330 (24.4) 8,008 (21.7) 0.96 (0.91–1.02) 0.177
55–64 2,599 (27.2) 9,420 (25.5) 0.89 (0.85–0.94) <0.001
65-79 2,362 (24.7) 10,085 (27.3) 0.79 (0.75–0.84) <0.001
80+ 393 (4.1) 2,908 (7.9) 0.52 (0.47–0.57) <0.001
Female sex 4,453 (46.5) 17,296 (46.8) 0.695 1.03 (1.00–1.07) 0.078
Socioeconomic status Lowest 1,956 (20.4) 8,379 (22.7) <0.001 1.00 <Ref
2 1,940 (20.3) 8,194 (22.2) 1.01 (0.95–1.07) 0.757
3 1,982 (20.7) 7,434 (20.1) 1.08 (1.03–1.15) 0.003
4 1,928 (20.2) 6,912 (18.7) 1.11 (1.05–1.18) <0.001
Highest 1,762 (18.4) 6,066 (16.4) 1.13 (1.07–1.20) <0.001
Recent immigrant 541 (5.7) 3,658 (9.9) <0.001 0.60 (0.55–0.65) <0.001
Rural residence 1,692 (17.7) 3,684 (10.0) <0.001 1.59 (1.52–1.66) <0.001
Primary care visits in year prior to diagnosis 0 627 (6.6) 2,624 (7.1) <0.001 0.87 (0.81–0.94) <0.001
1–6 5,998 (62.7) 21,397 (57.9) 1.00 <Ref
7–12 2,189 (22.9) 8,943 (24.2) 0.96 (0.91–1.00) 0.047
13+ 754 (7.9) 4,021 (10.9) 0.79 (0.74–0.85) <0.001
Diabetes diagnosed during a hospitalization 591 (6.2) 2,726 (7.4) <0.001 0.96 (0.88–1.04) 0.301
Previous cardiac event 367 (3.8) 1,659 (4.5) 0.005 0.95 (0.86–1.04) 0.272
Mental health condition 2,805 (29.3) 11,548 (31.2) <0.001 0.94 (0.91–0.98) 0.006
Medical comorbidity 499 (5.2) 2,592 (7.0) <0.001 0.89 (0.81–0.97) 0.010

Cauch-Dudek et al.

Cauch-Dudek et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:85   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-85

Open Data