Table 5

Physical, emotional or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) in the preceding year as a possible risk factor for health and healthcare problems described by 2139 slum-dwelling women interviewed at about 6 weeks postpartum
Dependent variable Did not report Reported OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
IPV (%) IPV (%)
Illness during pregnancy
 No illness during pregnancy 1407 (77) 195 (61) 1 ref 1 ref
 Any illness during pregnancy 414 (23) 123 (39) 1.749 (1.32, 2.32) 1.779 (1.32, 2.40)
Prenatal care received
 Prenatal care received 1774 (97) 305 (96) 1 ref 1 ref
 No prenatal care received 47 (3) 13 (4) 1.631 (0.86, 3.09) 1.357 (0.68, 2.69)
Place of delivery
 Institutional delivery 1644 (90) 280 (88) 1 ref 1 ref
 Home delivery 177 (10) 38 (12) 1.146 (0.77, 1.70) 0.994 (0.66, 1.51)
Preterm index infant
 Term 1762 (97) 304 (96) 1 ref 1 ref
 Preterm 50 (3) 11 (3) 1.215 (0.62, 2.39) 1.284 (0.63, 2.63)
 Missing 9 (<1) 3 (1)
Birth weight of index infant *
 Normal 1330 (73) 213 (67) 1 ref 1 ref
 Low birth weight 309 (17) 63 (20) 1.273 (0.94, 1.73) 1.144 (0.83, 1.58)
 Missing 182 (10) 42 (13)
Family planning
 Not used modern family planning in last 3 y 1581 (87) 261 (82) 1 ref 1 ref
 Used modern family planning in last 3 y 240 (13) 57 (18) 1.402 (1.01, 1.94) 1.458 (1.02, 2.08)
Wife beating justifiable in at least one context
 Not justifiable 1229 (67) 142 (45) 1 ref
 Justifiable 592 (33) 176 (55) 2.36 (1.77, 3.15) 2.260 (1.67, 3.06)
Total 1821 (100) 318 (100)

Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) from multivariable logistic regression models with random effect for cluster. Models include covariates for socioeconomic quintile, religion, mother’s age and employment, and husband’s alcohol use. Ref: reference category.

* Including a covariate for infant sex did not change the inference.

Das et al.

Das et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:817   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-817

Open Data