Table 3

Timing, frequency, and help seeking for intimate partner violence in the preceding year reported by 318 slum-dwelling women, and perceived consequences reported by 247 who reported physical violence, interviewed at around 6 weeks postpartum
n (%)
Physical, emotional, or sexual intimate partner violence 318 (100)
Relationship of IPV with maternity
  No difference with respect to maternity 147 (46)
  More before pregnancy 99 (31)
  More during pregnancy 52 (17)
  More after delivery 20 (6)
Intimate partner violence more likely when spouse had taken alcohol 58 (18)
Sought help to prevent repeat violence (more than one option possible) 49 (15)
  Maternal family 41 (13)
  Affinal family 4 (1)
  Friend or neighbour 0 (0)
  Women’s organization or group, social service organization, local body 6 (2)
  Police 5 (2)
  Religious leader 0 (0)
  Doctor 0 (0)
  Lawyer 0 (0)
  Helpline 0 (0)
Physical intimate partner violence 247 (100)
Frequency of physical intimate partner violence in last year
  Once 123 (50)
  Sometimes 84 (34)
  Often 40 (16)
Sequelae of physical intimate partner violence in last year 79 (32)
  Aches and pains 58 (23)
  Severe pain 23 (9)
  Bruises 20 (8)
  Cuts or wounds 18 (7)
  Burns 1 (<1)
  Fractures or broken teeth 0 (0)
  Vaginal bleeding 4 (2)
  Early labour 3 (1)
  Baby died in womb 2 (<1)
  Miscarriage 0 (0)
  Affected woman’s ability to care for herself 43 (17)
  Affected woman’s ability to care for her baby 19 (8)
  Prevented woman from breastfeeding her baby 3 (1)
Sought medical treatment for injury 44 (18)

Das et al.

Das et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:817   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-817

Open Data