Table 2

The association* of alcohol consumption, smoking and weight problems with the use of primary care and out-patient specialist services
Use of primary care services Use of out-patient specialist services
Men Women Men Women
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Strong alcohol consumption in past 12 months
  Has not drunk 1 1 1 1
  A few times a month or less 1.02 (0.80-1.32) 1.13 (0.96-1.33) 1.17 (0.91-1.51) 1.09 (0.94-1.26)
  At least a few times a week 0.85 (0.63-1.16) 0.71 (0.45-1.12) 1.34 (0.98-1.83) 1.11 (0.73-1.72)
Wine consumption in past 12 months
  Has not drunk 1 1 1 1
  A few times a month or less 0.97 (0.80-1.18) 0.93 (0.77-1.12) 1.21 (1.00-1.48) 1.24 (1.05-1.46)
  At least a few times a week 1.02 (0.72-1.43) 1.04 (0.75-1.44) 1.23 (0.87-1.72) 1.05 (0.79-1.41)
Beer consumption in past 12 months
  Has not drunk 1 1 1 1
  A few times a month or less 0.88 (0.69-1.12) 0.86 (0.73-1.02) 0.86 (0.68-1.09) 0.96 (0.82-1.11)
  At least a few times a week 0.71 (0.56-0.90) 0.83 (0.62-1.12) 0.65 (0.52-0.82) 0.76 (0.58-0.99)
Light alcoholic drinks consumption in past 12 months
  Has not drunk 1 1 1 1
  A few times a month or less 1.21 (0.98-1.48) 1.01 (0.86-1.20) 1.23 (1.00-1.51) 1.24 (1.07-1.44)
  At least a few times a week 1.57 (1.08-2.29) 1.28 (0.88-1.86) 1.12 (0.78-1.60) 1.11 (0.80-1.53)
Smoking
  Has never smoked 1 1 1 1
  Has smoked in the past 1.43 (1.13-1.81) 0.96 (0.79-1.16) 1.26 (1.01-1.58) 1.03 (0.87-1.23)
  Current smoker 1.12 (0.90-1.39) 0.99 (0.82-1.19) 0.81 (0.65-1.01) 0.84 (0.71-0.99)
BMI
  Normal weight (18.5–24.99) 1 1 1 1
  Underweight (<18.50) 1.27 (0.47-3.45) 1.06 (0.67-1.68) 1.52 (0.59-3.92) 1.20 (0.78-1.85)
  Overweight (25–29.99) 1.21 (1.01-1.45) 1.19 (1.00-1.43) 1.09 (0.91-1.31) 1.00 (0.85-1.17)
  Obesity (≥30) 1.32 (1.04-1.68) 1.76 (1.40-2.21) 1.28 (1.01-1.61) 1.28 (1.06-1.55)

* Models are mutually adjusted for age, alcohol consumption (all four variables), smoking, BMI, education, income, ethnicity and study year.

Vals et al.

Vals et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:772   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-772

Open Data