Table 3

Prevalence and adjusted odds ratios of cardiometabolic risk factors for participants of high vs. less walkable neighborhoods (at 800 m buffer) overall, and for men and for women separately
Model A Model B
Less walkabie neighborhoods (%) High walkabie neighborhoods (%) OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
overall
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 20.9 16.9 0.75 0.62 to 0.9 0.002 0.78 0.64 to 0.96 0.018
Hypertension 33.5 32.1 0.93 0.8 to 1.08 0.33 0.97 0.81 to 1.16 0.743
Hypercholesterolaemia 34.3 35.7 1.09 0.93 to 1.28 0.267 1.11 0.91 to 1.34 0.304
Diabetes mellitus 5.8 4.8 0.69 0.51 to 0.93 0.016 0.79 0.52 to 1.21 0.282
male
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 18.2 14.1 0.73 0.55 to 0.98 0.035 0.76 0.55 to 1.04 0.089
Hypertension 32.6 29.2 0.89 0.71 to 1.13 0.348 0.94 0.71 to 1.26 0.694
Hypercholesterolaemia 34.9 37.0 1.17 0.93 to 1.48 0.174 1.14 0.85 to 1.52 0.375
Diabetes mellitus 10.2 5.4 0.53 0.34 to 0.82 0.005 0.6 0.32 to 1.14 0.122
female
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 20.9 16.7 0.76 0.6 to 0.96 0.02 0.8 0.61 to 1.04 0.093
Hypertension 33.3 32.8 0.95 0.78 to 1.16 0.604 0.99 0.78 to 1.25 0.913
Hypercholesterolaemia 34.1 36.5 1.02 0.82 to 1.26 0.857 1.08 0.84 to 1.4 0.551
Diabetes mellitus 5.6 5.1 0.88 0.58 to 1.32 0.53 0.97 0.54 to 1.73 0.917

BMI: Body Mass Index, OR: odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, Model A: Less walkable neighborhoods=reference category; Odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, education level, household income, and marital status Model B: Less walkable neighborhoods=reference category; Odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, education level, household income, marital status, plus physical activity and sedentary behavior, Bold data: highlight statistically significant associations (p-value <0.05).

Müller-Riemenschneider et al.

Müller-Riemenschneider et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:755   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-755

Open Data