Table 2

Prevalence and adjusted odds ratios of cardiometabolic risk factors for participants of high vs. less walkable neighborhoods (at 1,600 m buffer) overall, and for men and for women separately
Model A Model B
Less walkable neighborhoods (%) High walkable neighborhoods (%) OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
overall
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 19.7 15.8 0.84 0.7 to 1 0.049 0.86 0.7 to 1.05 0.139
Hypertension 33.0 31.3 0.93 0.8 to 1.08 0.336 0.91 0.75 to 1.09 0.299
Hypercholesterolaemia 34.7 35.6 1.02 0.88 to 1.2 0.771 1.04 0.85 to 1.26 0.711
Diabetes mellitus 7.2 6.5 0.95 0.72 to 1.25 0.726 1.08 0.72 to 1.62 0.701
male
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 18.2 14.3 0.75 0.56 to 1.01 0.056 0.82 0.59 to 1.14 0.229
Hypertension 32.3 30.2 0.9 0.72 to 1.14 0.398 1 0.74 to 1.34 0.981
Hypercholesterolaemia 35.3 35.6 1.05 0.83 to 1.32 0.687 1.1 0.82 to 1.48 0.526
Diabetes mellitus 9.1 8.9 1.14 0.78 to 1.66 0.489 1.26 0.72 to 2.21 0.425
female
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 20.9 16.9 0.89 0.71 to 1.12 0.319 0.88 0.68 to 1.14 0.336
Hypertension 33.5 32.1 0.94 0.77 to 1.14 0.53 0.86 0.67 to 1.09 0.203
Hypercholesterolaemia 34.3 35.7 1 0.81 to 1.23 0.994 1 0.77 to 1.3 0.991
Diabetes mellitus 5.8 4.8 0.76 0.51 to 1.15 0.194 0.92 0.51 to 1.66 0.779

BMI: Body Mass Index, OR: odds ratio, CI: confidence interval, Model A: Less walkable neighborhoods=reference category; Odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, education level, household income, and marital status, Model B: Less walkable neighborhoods=reference category; Odds ratios adjusted for age, sex, education level, household income, marital status, plus physical activity and sedentary behavior, Bold data: highlight statistically significant associations (p-value <0.05).

Müller-Riemenschneider et al.

Müller-Riemenschneider et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:755   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-755

Open Data