Table 2

Behaviour change techniques and strategies to promote physical activity (PA) used in the three phases of the study
Change objectives Behaviour change techniques Strategies Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
Seniors enjoy participating in PA Tailoring Professionals select PA on preference target group X X X
Seniors think it is physically safe and comfortable to perform PA activities Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about performing PA safely and about normal bodily reactions to PA X X
Professional support Support PA by familiar professionals X X
Seniors experience PA as part of their daily activities/routine Repetition Structured PA in the day-activity programme, three times a week X X
Seniors think they are able to perform PA Set graded tasks Select relatively easy, low intensive, short duration PA in Phase 1. Incremental increases follow. X X
Provide instruction on how to perform behaviour Professionals tell seniors how to perform the PA X X X
Model/Demonstrate behaviour/ Professionals show seniors how to perform the PA through demonstrations. X X
Mirroring The PA takes place in a group setting, where other participants demonstrate PA. X X
Seniors become more conscious of the benefits of being physically active Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about benefits of PA X
Seniors learn about normal bodily reactions to PA Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general Day-activity centres’ staff members apply several work forms and exercises in groups to provide information about normal bodily reactions to PA X X
Seniors feel physically safe and comfortable to explore their skills Professional support Support PA by familiar professionals X X X
Seniors feel stimulated and supported by others to perform physical activity Prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour Using praise and rewards for attempts at performing PA. X X
Provide rewards contingent on successful behaviour Professionals and day-activity centres’ staff members reinforce successful performance of performance of PA. This includes praise, encouragement and material rewards. X X X
Provide feedback on performance Providing information about participants’ progress in performing the PA. X X
Plan social support/change The PA take place in a group setting, with peers familiar to the participant, in which social support can be encouraged. X X X

van Schijndel-Speet et al.

van Schijndel-Speet et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:746   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-746

Open Data