Table 4

Association between metabolic variables (continuous, per standard deviation increase) and prehypertension by race
Chinese
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
Blood glucose, mmol/L 1.18 (1.06, 1.32) 1.18 (1.06, 1.32)
HbA1c,% 1.58 (1.13, 2.21) 1.51 (1.07, 2.13)
HDL mmol/L 0.88 (0.64, 1.22) 0.87 (0.62, 1.21)
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.44 (0.99, 1.32) 1.14 (0.98, 1.32)
LDL, mmol/L 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)
Body mass index, kg/m2 1.12 (1.08, 1.16) 1.12 (1.08, 1.17)
Malays
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
Blood glucose, mmol/L 1.25 (1.07, 1.46) 1.27 (1.09, 1.49)
HbA1c,% 2.14 (1.49, 3.07) 2.17 (1.51, 3.11)
HDL mmol/L 0.62 (0.38, 1.01) 0.62 (0.37, 1.02)
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.38 (1.18, 1.63) 1.38 (1.17, 1.62)
LDL, mmol/L 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)
Body mass index, kg/m2 1.16 (1.11, 1.20) 1.15 (1.11, 1.20)
Indians
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
Blood glucose, mmol/L 1.17 (1.04, 1.30) 1.20 (1.07, 1.35)
HbA1c,% 1.76 (1.32, 2.34) 1.84 (1.36, 2.48)
HDL mmol/L 0.87 (0.56, 1.35) 0.80 (0.50, 1.26)
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.16 (1.00, 1.34) 1.16 (1.00, 1.35)
LDL, mmol/L 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)
Body mass index, kg/m2 1.09 (1.06, 1.13) 1.09 (1.05, 1.13)

All data are presented in Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) i.e. OR (95%CI).

a Adjusting for age and gender.

b Adjusting for age, gender, education status, income, smoking status, alcohol consumption.

α Significant results are bolded.

Chiang et al.

Chiang et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:730   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-730

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