Table 3

Association between metabolic variables (categorical) and prehypertension by race
Chinese
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
High-blood glucose, 1.39 (1.09, 1.79) 1.42 (1.10, 1.83)
High-HbA1c 4.03 (1.17, 13.89) 3.50 (1.01, 12.18)
Low-HDL 1.04 (0.81, 1.34) 1.09 (0.83, 1.42)
High-triglycerides 1.26 (0.99, 1.61) 1.26 (0.98, 1.63)
High-LDL 1.56 (1.11, 2.19) 1.58 (1.11, 2.24)
High-body mass index 1.91 (1.40, 2.63) 1.86 (1.34, 2.56)
Malays
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
High-Blood glucose, 1.49 (1.02, 2.19) 1.53 (1.05, 2.24)
High-HbA1c 3.62 (1.26, 10.40) 3.72 (1.29, 10.75)
Low-HDL 1.23 (0.84, 1.79) 1.24 (0.85, 1.82)
High-triglycerides 2.09 (1.46, 2.99) 2.08 (1.45, 2.98)
High-LDL 1.39 (0.92, 2.12) 1.40 (0.91, 2.13)
High-body mass index 2.94 (2.09, 4.13) 2.96 (2.10, 4.18)
Indians
Metabolic variables α Model 1a Model 2b
High-Blood glucose, 1.43 (1.08, 1.88) 1.49 (1.13, 1.98)
High-HbA1c 2.64 (1.29, 5.42) 2.79 (1.31, 5.94)
Low-HDL 0.94 (0.72, 1.24) 1.00 (0.76, 1.33)
High-triglycerides 1.30 (0.99, 1.71) 1.33 (1.00, 1.76)
High-LDL 1.50 (0.99, 2.28) 1.40 (0.91,2.15)
High-body mass index 1.69 (1.30, 2.20) 1.68 (1.28, 2.20)

Please note that each metabolic variable are analysed as separate statistical models.

All data are presented in Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) i.e. OR (95%CI).

a Adjusting for age and gender.

b Adjusting for age, gender, education status, income, smoking status, alcohol consumption.

α Significant results are bolded.

Chiang et al.

Chiang et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:730   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-730

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