Table 1

Characteristics of the study population in three multi-ethnic cohorts (n = 2936)
Variables Chinese Malays Indians P value
Age β (years) 54.4 ± 7.4 51.5 ± 9.1 52.0 ± 7.5 < 0.001
Sex β, female (%) 671 (43.2) 364 (23.4) 518 (33.4) < 0.001
Education β, (%)
primary/below 474 (40.2) 435 (55.7) 443 (43.9) < 0.001
secondary and above 706 (59.8) 346 (44.3) 566 (56.1)
Systolic BP β (mm Hg) 121.4 ± 11.1 124.0 ± 10.1 120.8 ± 11.1 < 0.001
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 73.1 ± 7.5 73.6 ± 7.2 73.8 ± 7.2 0.06
BMI β (kg/m2) 22.7 ± 3.3 24.7 ± 4.6 25.4 ± 4.4 < 0.001
HDL-cholesterol β (mmol/l) 1.4 ± 0.4 1.4 ± 0.3 1.1 ± .3 < 0.001
LDL-Cholesterol β (mmol/l) 3.4 ± 0.8 3.6 ± 1.0 3.6 ± 0.8 < 0.001
Triglycerides β (mmol/l) 1.8 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.9 < 0.001
Plasma glucose β (mmol/l) 5.6 ± 1.2 5.2 ± 1.1 5.5 ± 1.2 0.001
HbA1c, (%) 5.7 ± 0.4 5.7 ± 0.5 5.7 ± 0.5 0.1834

Data are normally distributed and presented as means (standard deviation) or number (%).

βdifference between the three races, p < 0.05.

Chiang et al.

Chiang et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:730   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-730

Open Data