Table 3

Multilevel logistic regression of depressive symptoms and social participation, key role and rate of primary industrial workers for men and women
Independent variables Men Women
Odds ratio 95%CI Odds radio 95%CI
Individual-level variables
Intercept 0.03 *** (0.01-0.10) 0.11 *** (0.00-0.01)
Age
  65-69 Reference Reference
  70-74 0.89 (0.60-1.31) 1.40 * (1.02-1.92)
  75-79 1.30 (0.75-2.25) 1.71 ** (1.21-2.41)
  80 or older 0.88 (0.52-1.50) 2.50 *** (1.56-4.01)
Equivalised annual income (million yen)
  <1.50 3.14 * (1.08-9.13) 0.71 (0.35-1.43)
  1.50-1.99 1.55 (0.55-4.37) 0.73 (0.38-1.39)
  2.00-2.49 1.81 (0.71-4.60) 0.69 (0.31-1.56)
  2.50-2.99 1.28 (0.41-3.97) 0.38 † (0.13-1.09)
  3.00-3.49 1.61 (0.56-4.58) 0.68 (0.28-1.67)
  3.50-3.99 1.82 (0.46-7.18) 0.33 ** (0.16-0.68)
  4.00-4.49 2.72 † (0.87-8.55) 0.58 (0.21-1.63)
  4.50-4.99 2.27 (0.71-7.19) 0.17 * (0.03-0.86)
  ≥5.00 Reference Reference
Years of education
  <6 4.26 ** (1.53-11.87) 2.74 ** (1.37-5.49)
  6-9 1.50 † (0.97-2.31) 1.62 (0.88-2.99)
  10-12 1.21 (0.82-1.78) 1.74 † (0.94-3.23)
  ≥13 Reference Reference
Living with spouse 1.68 † (0.92-3.10) 1.15 (0.90-1.46)
Social participation 0.76 (0.31-1.87) 0.53 * (0.28-0.99)
Role in social participation 0.81 (0.60-1.10) 0.57 * (0.37-0.88)
Social participation * Role 0.32 † (0.09-1.16) 0.34 (0.06-1.81)
Individual × Neighborhooda
Social participation * Role * Primary industry 0.28 *** (0.16-0.50) 0.68 (0.16-2.89)
Random Effect Variance Variance
Component Component
Intercept 0.01 0.01
Individual-level n 1541 1187
Neighborhood-level n 31 31

Note: ***p <.001, **p < .01, *p < .05, †p < .10.

a Social participation and role are individual-level variables, and primary industry is a neighborhood-level variable.

Takagi et al.

Takagi et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:701   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-701

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