Table 1

Characteristics of 1.400 men and 1.416 women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in the Vara-Skövde cohort 2002-2005
NGT IFG IGT
(n=1130) (n=94) (n=86)
Characteristics Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p Mean (SD) p
Men
Age (years) 45.9 (10.7) 53.4 (11.6) <0.001 56.0 (12.3) <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 122 (14.3) 129 (17.2) 0.093 133 (19.4) 0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 71 (9.7) 74 (10.3) 0.157 76 (11.6) 0.021
S-Cholesterol 5.4 (1.0) 5.2 (1.0) 0.009 5.6 (1.1) 0.559
S-triglycerides 1.4 (0.8) 1.6 (0.9) 0.003 2.0 (1.6) <0.001
S-HDL Cholesterol 1.22 (0.28) 1.14 (0.35) 0.006 1.1 (0.3) 0.004
Body mass index (kg m-2) 26.5 (3.3) 28.1 (3.9) <0.001 28.3 (4.1) <0.001
Waist hip ratio (m m-1) 0.93 (0.1) 0.96 (0.1) <0.001 0.98 (0.1) <0.001
Waist (cm) 94 (9.2) 99 (10.3) <0.001 100 (11.1) <0.001
NGT IFG IGT
(n=1130) (n=94) (n=86)
Characteristics n (%) n (%) p n (%) p
Men
Lack of sleep 418 (37) 27 (29) 0.775 33 (39) 0.025
Low vitality 457 (41) 38 (40) 0.903 41 (50) 0.056
Daily smoking 168 (15) 18 (19) 0.279 11 (13) 0.638
Low physical activity 635 (58) 60 (65) 0.303 62 (77) 0.002
Hypertension 111 (9) 24 (26) 0.063 29 (34) 0.005
Living alone 222 (20) 16 (17) 0.801 30 (35) <0.001
Low level of education 307 (28) 40 (44) 0.570 39 (49) 0.963
NGT IFG IGT
(n=1184) (n=35) (n=127)
Characteristics Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p Mean (SD) p
Women
Age (years) 46.2 (10.9) 56.3 (11.1) <0.001 53.7 (12.8) <0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 117 (1.0) 131 (17.7) 0.022 133 (22.6) <0.001
DBP (mm Hg) 68 (9.7) 72 (10.1) 0.435 74 (10.9) <0.001
S-Cholesterol 5.1 (1.1) 5.9 (1.0) 0.066 5.5 (0.9) 0.800
S-triglycerides 1.1 (0.54) 1.7 (0.7) <0.001 1.5 (0.7) <0.001
S-HDL Cholesterol 1.4 (0.33) 1.3 (0.36) 0.001 1.3 (0.4) <0.001
Body mass index (kg m-2) 26.1 (4.8) 30.1 (6.3) <0.001 29.6 (6.2) <0.001
Waist hip ratio (m m-1) 0.82 (0.1) 0.87 (0.1) 0.001 0.86 (0.1) <0.001
Waist (cm) 84 (12.5) 94 (14.4) <0.001 92 (14.5) <0.001
NGT IFG IGT
(n=1184) (n=35) (n=127)
Characteristics n (%) n (%) p n (%) p
Women
Lack of sleep 466 (40) 16 (47) 0.195 52 (41) 0.413
Low vitality 698 (52) 21 (60) 0.301 74 (61) 0.048
Daily smoking 246 (21) 9 (26) 0.272 23 (18) 0.706
Low physical activity 791 (69) 26 (79) 0.336 107 (86) <0.001
Hypertension 111 (10) 7 (20) 0.872 46 (36) <0.001
Living alone 225 (19) 6 (17) 0.381 26 (21) 0.679
Low level of education 236 (20) 18 (512) 0.228 44 (36) 0.759

NGT normal glucose tolerance, IFG impaired fasting glucose, IGT impaired glucose tolerance. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure.

Data are means and (SD), or numbers and proportions (%). IFG and IGT were compared to NGT using general linear models for continues variables, and logistic regression for categorical variables and adjusting for differences in age.

Andersson et al.

Andersson et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:700   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-700

Open Data