Table 3

Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showing Socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of khat chewing within the last 12 months among Axum university students, April 2012
Variables Chewed COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Yes No
Sex
Male 162 282 2.68(1.89,3.81) 1.96(1.25, 3.08)
Female 55 257
Religion
Orthodox 101 321
Muslim 76 119 2.03(1.41,2.92) 3.29(1.92, 5.63)
Protestant 33 92 1.14(0.72,1.80) 1.39(0.74, 2.65)
Others 7 7 3.18(1.10,9.28) 1.76(0.38, 8.11)
Ethnicity
Tigrie 69 264
Amhara 80 152 2.01(1.38,2.94) 2.09(1.26, 3.48)
Oromo 47 74 2.43(1.55,3.82) 3.38(1.81, 6.34)
SNN 21 49 1.64(0.92,2.92) 2.21(1.02, 4.79)
Residence
Urban 150 300
Rural 67 239 0.56(0.40,0.78) 0.56(0.36, 0.86)
Marital status **
Single 191 481
Married 16 42 0.96(0.53,1.75)
Divorced 5 9 1.40(0.46,4.23)
Others 5 7 1.80(0.56,5.74)
Year of study *
1st year 69 209
2nd year 73 174 1.27(0.86,1.87)
3rd year 58 139 1.26(0.84,1.90)
4th year 17 17 3.03(1.47,6.26)
Ever drunk alcohol
Yes 135 126 5.40(3.84,7.58) 2.02 (1.20, 3.39)
No 82 413
Ever Smoked cigarette
Yes 57 15 12.45(6.86,22.58) 4.98 (2.47, 10.02)
No 160 524
Family member chewed khat
Yes 96 71 5.23(3.63,754) 1.98(1.24, 3.17)
No 121 468
Peers chewed khat
Yes 197 192 17.8(10.88,29.13) 10.18(5.59, 18.54)
No 20 347
Perceived health risk
Yes 154 431 0.61(0.43,0.88 0.39(0.24, 0.65)
No 63 108

** Variables which were not significant in the bivariate analysis.

* Variables which were not significant in the multivariate analysis.

Gebreslassie et al.

Gebreslassie et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:693   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-693

Open Data