Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants by MetS status at Wave 2
Characteristic Wave 1 MetS free (n = 1877) Not developing MetS (n = 1585) Developing MetS (n = 292)
Median (sd)/n (percent) Median (sd)/n (percent) Median (sd)/n (percent)
Age (years) 47 (15.5) 45 (15.5) 55 (14.7)
Gender
Male 816 (43.5) 663 (41.8) 153 (52.4)
Female 1,061 (56.5) 922 (58.2) 139 (47.6)
Gross annual household income
<20,000 AUD 538 (28.7) 447 (28.2) 91 (31.2)
20,000-60,000 AUD 913 (48.6) 765 (43.8) 148 (50.7)
>60,000 AUD 426 (22.7) 373 (23.5) 53 (18.1)
Individual education
Bachelor degree (Yes) 230 (12.2) 1,390 (87.7) 257 (88.0)
Bachelor degree (No) 1,647 (87.8) 195 (12.3) 35 (12.0)
Physical Activity
Sedentary 524 (27.9) 440 (27.8) 84 (28.8)
Low exercise 669 (35.6) 577 (36.4) 92 (31.6)
Moderate exercise 515 (27.4) 435 (27.4) 80 (27.4)
High exercise 169 (9.0) 133 (8.4) 36 (12.3)
Smoking*
Current 344 (18.3) 287 (18.1) 57 (19.5)
Former 669 (37.2) 661 (38.6) 88 (30.1)
Never 834 (44.4) 687 (43.3) 147 (50.3)
Drinking
Not at risk 1,325 (70.6) 1,112 (70.2) 213 (73.0)
At risk 552 (29.4 473 (29.8) 79 (27.0)
Area-level SEP
Percent university education or more 6.7 (4.8) 6.5 (4.7) 6.7 (4.8)
Median household weekly income (AUD) 671 (153) 673 (148) 660 (155)
MetS component
Central obesity 884 (47.1) 671 (42.33) 213 (73.0)
Low HDL cholesterol 257 (12.7) 194 (12.2) 63 (21.58)
Hyperglycaemia 150 (8.0) 122 (7.7) 28 (9.6)
Hypertriglyceridemia 254 (13.5) 188 (11.9) 66 (22.6)
Hypertension 673 (35.9) 561 (34.2) 112 (47.66)

Ngo et al.

Ngo et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:681   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-681

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