Table 2

Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of having poor self-rated health in 2008: according to two-level multiple regression analysis using explanatory variables derived from 2003–07, simultaneously adjusting for between (contextual) and within (Family-based design–‘compositional’) household social capital measures (N= 6900)
Explanatory variables Poor self-rated health in 2008
ORs (95% CI)
Generalized trust–between HHs Mean value Traditional (contextual) ML design 1.29 (1.21-1.37)
Generalized trust–within HHs Difference from the Mean Family-based design (compositional) 1.11 (1.02-1.20)
Social participation–between HHs Mean value Traditional (contextual) ML design 1.07 (0.97-1.18)
Social participation–within HHs Difference from the Mean Family-based design (compositional) 0.97 (0.89-1.06)
Age (years) 16–34 1.0
35–44 1.39 (1.15-1.67)
45–54 1.80 (1.49-2.17)
55–64 1.41 (1.16-1.72)
65 + 1.48 (1.16-1.88)
Gender Male 1.0
Female 0.76 (0.68-0.86)
Household income–size weighted Per £1000 increase 0.99 (0.99-1.00)
Employment status Employed 1.0
Full time student 1.16 (0.97-1.40)
Retired 1.84 (1.52-2.24)
Unemployed 3.02 (2.51-3.64)
Education achieved Undergraduate or higher 1.0
Year 13 1.11 (0.93-1.32)
Year 11 1.00 (0.84-1.18)
No formal qualifications 1.52 (1.26-1.83)
Smoking status Never a smoker 1.0
Intermittent smoker 1.47 (1.22-1.76)
Always a smoker 1.46 (1.26-1.69)

Source: The British Household Panel Survey, Waves M, O, Q & R (2003, 05, 07 & 08).

Reference group = 1.0.

HH = Household.

ML = Multilevel.

Giordano et al.

Giordano et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:665   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-665

Open Data