Table 3

Health risk factors, physical disability and functional health limitations among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants by sex
Aboriginal participants Non-aboriginal participants Odds ratio for Aboriginal participants vs non-Aboriginal participants
(n = 1939) (n = 259984)
% (n) % (n) Adjusted for age and sex Adjusted for age, sex, income, education
Regular tobacco smoker
Never 40 (772) 56 (144910) 1.0 1.0
Current 21 (416) 7 (18595) 3.6 (3.2–4.1) 2.4 (2.0–2.8)
Former 38 (738) 37 (95720) 1.5 (1.4–1.7) 1.4 (1.2–1.6)
Alcohol (number of drinks per week)
mean ± SD 6.8 ± 12.5 7.0 ± 9.7
0 44 (851) 32 (83829) 1.0 1.0
1-4 16 (303) 20 (51897) 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.6 (0.5–0.7)
5-7 10 (188) 14 (37332) 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.6 (0.5–0.8)
8-14 12 (234) 17 (45215) 0.5 (0.4–0.5) 0.6 (0.5–0.8)
≥15 14 (269) 14 (36668) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 0.9 (0.7–1.0)
Body mass index*
mean ± SD 28.9 ± 5.9^ 26.9 ± 4.9
Underweight (<18.5) 2 (33) 1 (3287) 2.6 (1.8–3.7) 2.0 (1.3–3.1)
Healthy weight (18.5–24.99) 21 (403) 34 (88834) 1.0 1.0
Overweight (25–29.99) 32 (627) 37 (95232) 1.4 (1.3–1.6) 1.5 (1.3–1.7)
Obese (≥30) 33 (647) 21 (53504) 2.5 (2.2–2.8) 2.1 (1.8–2.5)
Physical activity (sessions/week)*
mean ± SD 12.0 ± 19.6^ 10.8 ± 14.8
Sufficient physical exercise 64 (1248) 75 (195781) 1.0 1.0
Insufficient physical exercise 36 (691) 25 (64203) 1.9 (1.8–2.1) 1.4 (1.3–1.6)
Sedentary screen time (hours/day)
mean ± SD 4.4 ± 2.8^ 4.2 ± 2.5 ––
0-1 7 (130) 6 (16601) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 1.1 (0.9–1.4)
2-3 32 (625) 38 (99640) 1.0 1.0
4-5 29 (566) 30 (78064) 1.2 (1.1–1.4) 1.3 (1.1–1.4)
6-7 12 (229) 10 (26615) 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 1.3 (1.1–1.6)
≥8 13 (245) 11 (29073) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.5)
Vegetable intake (serves/day)
mean ± SD 4.0 ± 2.9 3.9 ± 2.7
Less than 5 serves 63 (1228) 66 (172074) 1.0 1.0
5 or more serves 32 (621) 31 (81721) 1.1 (1.0–1.2) 1.1 (1–1.2)
Fruit intake (serves/day)*
mean ± SD 2.5 ± 2.2* 2.6 ± 1.8
Less than 2 serves 30 (576) 25 (63884) 1.0 1.0
2 or more serves 63 (1229) 72 (187260) 0.8 (0.7–0.8) 0.9 (0.8–1.0)
Physical disability
Does not need help with daily tasks 86 (1543) 94 (234089) 1.0 1.0
Needs help with daily tasks 14 (245) 6 (13855) 3.9 (3.4–4.5) 2.6 (2.2–3.1)
Health limitations
No functional limitation 23 (455) 30 (77765) 1.0 1.0
Minor functional limitation 16 (314) 25 (65415) 1.0 (0.8–1.1) 1.0 (0.9–1.2)
Moderate functional limitation 21 (404) 22 (56248) 1.8 (1.6–2.1) 1.7 (1.4–2.0)
Severe functional limitation 25 (486) 14 (35481) 4.7 (4.1–5.4) 2.9 (2.4–3.4)
Regularly care for sick/disabled family member or friend
No 77 (1489) 85 (221463) 1.0 1.0
Yes –Part-time 9 (165) 7 (18444) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 1.3 (1.1–1.6)
Yes –Full-time 9 (170) 4 (10805) 2.7 (2.3–3.1) 1.8 (1.5–2.2)

Percentages may not equal to 100 due to missing/invalid data.

^Significant difference between Aboriginal group and non-Aboriginal group (P < 0.05, as a result of Student’s t-test).

*Significant difference between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal group (P < 0.05, as a result of a multiple comparison test adjusting for age and sex).

Gubhaju et al.

Gubhaju et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:661   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-661

Open Data