Table 1

Synopsis of extant literature on the association between parenting practices and sexual behavior of young people in sub-Saharan African societies
Outcomes by parenting sub-constructs Nature of the association
Protective association Deleterious association No association
PARENT–CHILD CONNECTEDNESS
Parental presence
(9 cross-sectional studies and 0 longitudinal study)
Having had sex in the last 12 months 14a,*;20a,*
Ever had sex 13a,*, x; 19a,*; 16 a,*, x; 18a, § 17a,§, x
Secondary sexual abstinence 16 a,*, y 12 a,§
Life time number of sexual partners 17a,§
Had > 1 partner in the last 3 months 12a,§; 17a,§
Ever had an unwanted pregnancy 13a,*, x
Having had sex in the last 4 weeks 13a,*, x
Sexual initiation by age 17 15a,§
Multi-statements scale including statements related to
support, love, care and quality of the relationships
(3 cross-sectional studies and 0 longitudinal study)
Ever had sex 22a,§ 21a,§
Life time number of sexual partners 21a,§
Had > 1 partner in the last 3 months 21a,§
Premarital sexual intercourse 23a,§
PARENTAL MONITORING
(3 cross-sectional studies – 2 with the same source of data −
and 0 longitudinal study)
Having had sex in the last 12 months 20a,*; 13a,*
Premarital intercourse 23a,§
PARENT–CHILD COMMUNICATION ON SEXUAL ISSUES
(3 cross-sectional studies and 1 longitudinal study)
Having had sex in the last 12 months 14a,*
Premarital intercourse 23a,§
Sexual initiation in early adolescence 28b,*
Timing of sexual initiation 26a,*,x
Regular condom use 27a,§

Notes: a: Cross-sectional study.

b: Longitudinal study.

*: Analyses based on a sample of adolescents (aged 19 years or younger).

§: Analyses based on a sample of adolescents and young people.

x: Effects for females.

y: Effects for males.

Our review is restricted to peer-reviewed publications involving parenting practices as main explanatory variables; no association means that no statistical difference was found.

Sidze and Defo

Sidze and Defo BMC Public Health 2013 13:616   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-616

Open Data