|Synopsis of extant literature on the association between parenting practices and sexual behavior of young people in sub-Saharan African societies|
|Outcomes by parenting sub-constructs||Nature of the association|
|Protective association||Deleterious association||No association|
|(9 cross-sectional studies and 0 longitudinal study)|
|Having had sex in the last 12 months||14a,*;20a,*|
|Ever had sex||13a,*, x; 19a,*; 16 a,*, x; 18a, §||17a,§, x|
|Secondary sexual abstinence||16 a,*, y||12 a,§|
|Life time number of sexual partners||17a,§|
|Had > 1 partner in the last 3 months||12a,§; 17a,§|
|Ever had an unwanted pregnancy||13a,*, x|
|Having had sex in the last 4 weeks||13a,*, x|
|Sexual initiation by age 17||15a,§|
|Multi-statements scale including statements related to|
|support, love, care and quality of the relationships|
|(3 cross-sectional studies and 0 longitudinal study)|
|Ever had sex||22a,§||21a,§|
|Life time number of sexual partners||21a,§|
|Had > 1 partner in the last 3 months||21a,§|
|Premarital sexual intercourse||23a,§|
|(3 cross-sectional studies – 2 with the same source of data −|
|and 0 longitudinal study)|
|Having had sex in the last 12 months||20a,*; 13a,*|
|PARENT–CHILD COMMUNICATION ON SEXUAL ISSUES|
|(3 cross-sectional studies and 1 longitudinal study)|
|Having had sex in the last 12 months||14a,*|
|Sexual initiation in early adolescence||28b,*|
|Timing of sexual initiation||26a,*,x|
|Regular condom use||27a,§|
Notes: a: Cross-sectional study.
b: Longitudinal study.
*: Analyses based on a sample of adolescents (aged 19 years or younger).
§: Analyses based on a sample of adolescents and young people.
x: Effects for females.
y: Effects for males.
Our review is restricted to peer-reviewed publications involving parenting practices as main explanatory variables; no association means that no statistical difference was found.
Sidze and Defo
Sidze and Defo BMC Public Health 2013 13:616 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-616