Table 2

Associations between social capital and healthy behaviour patterns (odds ratios with 95% CI for Model M2c)
Variables M2a: age +gender + var1 M2b: age +gender +social capital2 M2c: M2b+ socio-demographic factors3 CI (95 %)4
NON-SMOKING
Social support
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.10 0.96 0.84 * (0.72-0.99)
High 1.47 *** 1.13 0.88 (0.74-1.04)
Social participation and networks
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.56 *** 1.51 *** 1.41 *** (1.20-1.65)
High 2.80 *** 2.66 *** 2.34 *** (1.97-2.78)
Trust and reciprocity
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.25 ** 1.20 * 1.09 (0.94-1.27)
High 1.67 *** 1.56 *** 1.33 ** (1.13-1.58)
NON-EXCESSIVE DRINKING
Social support
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 0.98 0.89 0.87 (0.69-1.08)
High 0.98 0.82 0.79 (0.61-1.00)
Social participation and networks
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.37 ** 1.39 ** 1.44 ** (1.15-1.79)
High 1.87 *** 1.93 *** 2.01 *** (1.53-2.61)
Trust and reciprocity
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.11 1.10 1.07 (0.85-1.33)
High 1.25 1.22 1.16 (0.91-1.46)
LEISURE-TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Social support
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.23 ** 1.05 1.02 (0.89-1.18)
High 1.55 *** 1.11 1.04 (0.89-1.23)
Social participation and networks
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 2.46 *** 2.43 *** 2.40 *** (2.10-2.75)
High 4.94 *** 4.83 *** 4.73 *** (3.97-5.62)
Trust and reciprocity
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 0.99 0.92 0.91 (0.78-1.05)
High 1.18 * 1.06 1.02 (0.87-1.20)
DAILY USE OF VEGETABLES
Social support
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.31 *** 1.22 ** 1.12 (0.99-1.27)
High 1.72 *** 1.47 *** 1.25 ** (1.09-1.454)
Social participation and networks
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.43 *** 1.37 *** 1.31 *** (1.15-1.49)
High 2.20 *** 2.02 *** 1.85 *** (1.61-2.11)
Trust and reciprocity
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.05 1.00 0.95 (0.83-1.07)
High 1.18 * 1.08 0.98 (0.85-1.14)
ADEQUATE DURATION OF SLEEP
Social support
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.26 ** 1.17 * 1.11 (0.96-1.29)
High 1.59 *** 1.39 *** 1.24 ** (1.06-1.46)
Social participation and networks
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.34 *** 1.28 *** 1.24 ** (1.08-1.42)
High 1.65 *** 1.50 *** 1.42 *** (1.20-1.67)
Trust and reciprocity
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00
Moderate 1.36 *** 1.31 ** 1.27 ** (1.09-1.48)
High 1.47 *** 1.38 *** 1.30 ** (1.12-1.52)

Health 2000 Survey, adults 30+ years (N=8028).

*** p<0.001, ** p<0.01, * p<0.05.

1 Model 2a includes age, gender and one dimension of social capital at a time.

2 Model 2b includes age, gender and all dimensions of social capital (social support, social participation and networks, and trust and reciprocity) simultaneously.

3 Model 2c includes age, gender, all the dimensions of social capital, all the socio-demographic factors (education, living arrangements and income) simultaneously.

4 CI confidence intervals for Model 2c.

Nieminen et al.

Nieminen et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:613   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-613

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