Table 1

Socio-demographic and other risk characteristics of the participating children aged 7–8 and 13–14 from the Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot communities
Children aged 7-8 Children aged 13-14
Participant characteristics G/C T/C p G/C T/C p
(expressed as percentages) (n = 2216) (n = 2353) (n = 2452) (n = 3135)
Female gender (%) 49.5 50.6 48.2 51.7
Parental education (%)
  Only one secondary education 5.3 49.9 13.0 43.0
  Both secondary education 40.9 30.3 46.7 36.8
  Only one tertiary education 24.1 12.8 21.2 11.6
  Both tertiary education 29.8 7.1 * 19.0 8.6 *
Area of residence (%)
  Urban 66.5 40.9 65.9 46.5
  Sub-rural 21.0 24.3 18.2 22.1
  Rural 12.5 34.8 * 15.9 31.4 *
Family history of allergies (%) 37.0 19.5 * 16.5 10.9 *
Older siblings (%)
  None 38.7 50.8 26.3 44.4
  1 34.3 34.3 37.8 34.4
  ≥2 27.0 14.9 * 35.9 21.2 *
Passive smoking (%)
  Not at all 60.1 46.7 49.7 43.1
  Up to 20 cigarettes/day 25.3 40.3 35.5 48.3
  More than 20 cigarettes/day 14.7 13.0 * 14.8 8.6
Animals at home/yard (%) 42.6 32.4 * 56.2 48.0 *
Farm animal at home/yard (%) 0.6 4.7 * 0.5 4.2 *
Caesarian delivery (%) 31.7 39.0 * - - - - - -
Birth weight <2500gr (%) 13.9 18.0 * - - - - - -
Duration of breastfeeding (%)
  Not at all 46.8 21.8 - - - - - -
  <4 months 32.5 24.2 - - - - - -
  ≥4 months 20.6 54.0 * - - - - - -
Bedroom sharing (%) 37.4 52.3 * - - - - - -
Nursery in first year of life (%) 9.3 4.7 * - - - - - -
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (%) 2.9 10.8 * - - - - - -
Active smoking (%) - - - - - - 1.7 1.3

* P-value of χ2 test comparing the G/C and T/C communities <0.01.

‡ Information on these variables was not obtained from the 13–14 year-old group, while active smoking was not included in the 7–8 year-old questionnaires.

Lamnisos et al.

Lamnisos et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:585   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-585

Open Data