Standardizing and scaling up quality adolescent friendly health services in Tanzania
1 Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27 CH-1211, Switzerland
2 Department of Reproductive and Child Health, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Post Box 9083, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
3 Maternal, Newborn, Child Health and Sexual and Reproductive Health, World Health Organization, P.O. Box 9292, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
4 Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Maryland, USA
5 Georgetown University Medical School, Washington, USA
6 Consultant Indépendant, Maison Kampatibe, Agonyevé-Cacaveli BP 30395, Lomé, Togo
7 Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27 CH-1211, Switzerland
BMC Public Health 2013, 13:579 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-579Published: 14 June 2013
Adolescents in Tanzania require health services that respond to their sexual and reproductive health – and other – needs and are delivered in a friendly and nonjudgemental manner. Systematizing and expanding the reach of quality adolescent friendly health service provision is part of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare's (MOHSW) multi-component strategy to promote and safeguard the health of adolescents.
We set out to identify the progress made by the MOHSW in achieving the objective it had set in its National Adolescent Health and Development Strategy: 2002–2006, to systematize and extend the reach of Adolescent Friendly Health Services (AFHS) in the country.
We reviewed plans and reports from the MOHSW and journal articles on AFHS. This was supplemented with several of the authors’ experiences of working to make health services in Tanzania adolescent friendly.
The MOHSW identified four key problems with what was being done to make health services adolescent friendly in the country – firstly, it was not fully aware of the various efforts under way; secondly, there was no standardized definition of AFHS; thirdly, it had received reports that the quality of the AFHS being provided by some organizations was poor; and fourthly, only small numbers of adolescents were being reached by the efforts that were under way. The MOHSW responded to these problems by mapping existing services, developing a standardized definition of AFHS, charting out what needed to be done to improve their quality and expand their coverage, and integrating AFHS within wider policy and strategy documents and programmatic measurement instruments. It has also taken important preparatory steps to stimulate and support implementation.
The MOHSW is aware that the focus of the effort must now shift from the national to the regional, council and local levels. The onus is on regional and council health management teams as well as health facility managers to take the steps needed to ensure that all adolescents in the country obtain the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services they need, delivered in a friendly and non-judgemental manner. But they cannot do this without substantial and ongoing support.