Table 3

Mean scores of psychosocial work factors stratified on dichotomised total sick leave days and spell patterns
Total sick leave Spell patterns
Reference mean Responders having unfavourable scores 0-14 sick leave days >14 sick leave days p-value 0-2 short spells 3-9 short spells 2-13 mixed spells 1-3 long spells p-value
Scores (sd) n (%) Mean (sd) * Mean (sd) ***
Demand
  Work pace # 59.5 (19) 1,440 (57) 64.1 (21) 69.4 (21) <0.001 63.4 (21) 66.3 (21) 68.4 (21) 71.3 (18) <0.001
  Emotional # 40.7 (24) 1,689 (67) 44.8 (19) 48.0 (19) <0.001 44.0 (20) 46.8 (18) 47.8 (18) 48.4 (21) 0.001
  Hiding emotions # 50.6 (21) 503 (20) 39.6 (20) 43.4 (20) <0.001 39.1 (19) 41.2 (21) 42.9 (19) 44.0 (22) 0.0002
Physical work load missing 972 (45) 17.8 (10) 20.3 (11) <0.001 17.0 (9) 19.9 (10) 20.3 (11) 20.0 (12) <0.001
Influence § 49.8 (21) 1,246 (50) 48.4 (20) 44.1 (22) <0.001 49.1 (20) 45.4 (20) 44.3 (21) 44.2 (23) <0.001
Meaning of work § 73.8 (16) 778 (31) 77.3 (14) 75.3 (15) 0.004 77.7 (14) 75.5 (15) 75.8 (14) 76.1 (16) 0.006
Commitment to the workplace § 60.9 (20) 1,539 (61) 57.7 (18) 54.1 (18) <0.001 58.7 (17) 55.3 (18) 54.1 (18) 54.6 (19) <0.001
Role conflict # 42 (17) 1,320 (53) 40.8 (16) 43.8 (16) <0.001 39.7 (17) 44.1 (15) 43.3 (15) 44.6 (15) <0.001
Quality of leadership § 55.3 (21) 1,069 (44) 57.6 (22) 51.9 (25) <0.001 58.5 (22) 55.5 (23) 52.7 (23) 48.9 (27) <0.001
Bullying n (%) ** n (%) ****
  At least from time to time missing 333 (13) 221 (12) 112 (18) <0.001 145 (11) 72 (15) 85 (17) 31 (21) <0.001
Threats of violence
  At least from time to time missing 985 (39) 721 (38) 264 (43) 0.045 486 (36) 217 (45) 218 (43) 64 (43) 0.001
General health
  Fair-poor missing 333 (13) 180 (9) 153 (25) <0.001 112 (8) 68 (14) 107 (21) 46 (31) <0.001

# (> reference mean scores) and § ( = < reference mean scores).

* t-test / **chi2.

*** one-way ANOVA / **** chi2.

Stapelfeldt et al.

Stapelfeldt et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:578   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-578

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