Table 2

Health and life-style characteristics of the study sample, distributed by gender
Variable N1/% Total (N = 1200) Males (N = 591) Females (N = 609) p
BMI Mean (DS) 27.5 (5.4) 26.5 (4.3) 28.5 (6.1) < 0.001
  Categories N 1171 581 590
  Underweight (<21) % 7.6 8.4 6.8 < 0.001
  Normal weight (21–24.99) % 24.3 28.1 20.5
  Overweight (25–29.99) % 41.1 43.2 39.0
  Obesity (≥30) % 27.0 20.1 33.7
MNA Mean (DS) 24.0 (4.3) 24.8 (4.1) 23.3 (4.4) < 0.001
  Categories N 1177 582 595
  Malnutrition (<17) % 8.0 6.9 9.1 < 0.001
  At risk of MN (17–23.5) % 29.1 22.9 35.3
  Normal (≥ 24) % 62.9 70.2 55.6
Self related health (SRH) N 1196 589 607
   Good % 38.4 45.4 31.7 < 0.001
   Average % 41.5 41.2 41.7
   Poor % 20.1 13.4 26.6
Number of chronic disease N 1199 591 608
   >3 diseases % 54.7 47.5 61.7 < 0.001
Daily drug intake N 1199 591 608
   >3 drugs % 62.2 53.5 70.7 < 0.001
Chronic pain N 1192 589 603
% 45.1 35.7 54.4 < 0.001
Insomnia N 1198 590 608
   No or occasionally % 66.0 72.5 59.7 < 0.001
   Often or always % 34.0 27.5 40.3
SOF N 1120 555 565
   Robust % 33.2 40.4 26.0 < 0.001
   Prefrail % 30.4 31.5 29.4
   Frail % 36.4 28.1 44.6
Hospitalization during last year N 1198 591 607
% 45.2 41.8 48.4 0.021
Oral health status
   Chewing problems N 1197 589 608
% 28,4 27.8 28.9 0.672
   Edentulous (partially or totally) N 1095 545 550
% 66.1 61.5 70.7 0.001
   Dentures (partial or complete) N 1194 586 608
% 47.2 41.3 52.8 < 0.001
Physical exercise N 1200 591 609
   No % 45.1 32.5 57.3 < 0.001
   Occasionally % 20.1 22.0 18.4
   Daily (≥30 min.) % 34.8 45.5 24.3
Current smoker N 1197 591 606
% 25.6 32.0 19.3 < 0.001

1Number of respondents to this question.

Boulos et al.

Boulos et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:573   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-573

Open Data