Table 1

Socio-demographic characteristics of the study sample, distributed by gender
Variables N1/% Total (N = 1200) Males (N = 591) Females (N = 609) p
Age mean (SD) 75.3 (7.1) 75.7 (7.2) 75.0 (6.9) 0.084
Age Class N 1193 586 607
  65-75 y % 55.0 52.9 57.0 0.353
  76-85 y % 35.0 36.9 33.3
  >85 y % 10.0 10.2 9.7
Religion N 1195 590 605
  Christian % 58.6 58.1 59.0 0.876
  Muslims % 27.7 27.6 27.8
  Druze % 13.7 14.3 13.2
Living condition N 1200 591 609
  Living alone % 9.9 4.9 14.8 <0.001
  Living with others % 90.1 95.1 85.2
Marital status N 1200 591 609
  Married % 64.2 84.8 44.2 <0.001
  Divorced/single % 6.5 3.7 9.2
  Widowed % 29.3 11.5 46.6
Education N 1199 590 609
  Illiterate % 44.8 29.7 59.4 <0.001
  Primary school % 34.5 43.2 26.1
  Middle school % 13.0 15.4 10.7
  High school/university % 7.7 11.7 3.8
Monthly income N 1143 571 572
  < 300.000 LL % 46.8 35.2 58.3 < 0.001
  300.000 – 600.000 LL % 26.6 29.9 23.3
  >600.000 LL % 26.6 34.9 18.4
Financially dependent from children N 1192 588 604
  No % 33.9 42.3 25.6 < 0.001
  Partially % 20.7 26.2 15.6
  Totally % 45.4 31.5 58.8
Health Insurance N 1194 588 606
  No % 41.1 38.3 43.9 0.069
  Private insurance % 5.1 6.1 4.1
  NSSF and others2 % 53.8 56.6 52.0
Currently working N 1199 591 608
  Yes % 17.0 29.1 5.3 <0.001
  No % 83.0 70.9 94.7
Main occupation N 1197 590 607
  Farmer % 18.5 28.0 9.4 <0.001
  Employee/manager % 25.5 41.5 9.9
  Self-employed % 16.4 25.9 7.1
  Without work (including household) % 39.6 4.6 73.6

1Number of respondents to this question; 2 NSSF (national social security fund) and others.

Boulos et al.

Boulos et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:573   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-573

Open Data