Table 3

The odds rations of elders’ intergenerational exchange and depressive symptoms by multiple logistic regression
Year
Total## 1993### 1999### 2007###
Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren Children Partner Grandchildren
Depression symptoms\intergenerational exchanges# ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI) ORs(95% CI)
In a bad mood
  none
  a little to always 1.06(0.93-1.21) 1.27(1.10-1.47)** 1.19(0.99-1.21) 1.10(0.79-1.53) 1.60(1.14-2.24)* 1.06(0.61-1.84) 1.23(0.98-1.53) 1.26(0.99-1.60) 1.19(0.87-1.64) 0.93(0.76-1.13) 1.16(0.93-1.45) 1.17(0.92-1.50)
Lonely
  none
  a little to always 1.30(1.12-1.51)** 2.68(2.29-3.14)*** 1.44(1.14-1.81)** 1.60(1.13-2.26)** 2.67(1.87-3.82)*** 1.52(0.79-2.92) 1.30(1.01-1.66)* 2.94(2.26-3.81)*** 1.19(0.81-1.73) 129(1.02-1.63)* 216(1.68-2.78)*** 1.46(1.05-2.03)*
Unfriendly
  none
  a little to always 0.96(0.78-1.18) 1.59(1.29-1.97)*** 1.39(1.02-1.89)* 0.84(0.52-1.36) 1.65(1.03-2.66)* 2.83(0.97-8.31) 1.15(0.85-1.57) 1.83(1.32-2.54)*** 1.15(0.73-1.84) 0.94(0.66-1.33) 1.03(0.70-1.53) 1.29(0.81-2.06)
Felt sad
  none
  a little to always 0.99(0.85-1.16) 1.61(1.37-1.90)*** 1.38(1.11-1.73)** 1.07(0.74-1.55) 1.86(1.28-2.70)** 1.57(0.79-3.10) 1.07(0.83-1.38) 1.79(1.37-2.33)*** 1.17(0.81-1.70) 0.96(0.75-1.22) 1.18(0.91-1.55) 1.40(1.02-1.92)*
Have no energy for things
  none
  a little to always 0.99(0.86-1.14) 1.15(0.98-1.33) 1.16(0.95-1.40) 0.75(0.53-1.06) 1.38(0.98-1.95) 1.42(0.79-2.55) 1.15(0.92-1.45) 1.00(0.78-1.28) 1.11(0.81-1.54) 0.98(0.79-1.22) 1.07(0.84-1.36) 1.03(0.79-1.35)
Total CES-D scores
  0 ~ 5
  6 ~ 10 1.09(0.90-1.32) 1.65(1.34-2.02)*** 1.30(0.98-1.72) 1.38(0.89-2.13) 1.86(1.19-2.91)** 0.83(0.40-1.73) 1.17(0.86-1.60) 1.79(1.28-2.50)** 1.10(0.69-1.74) 0.99(0.72-1.34) 1.25(0.89-1.75) 1.54(1.02-2.34)*
  11 ~ 15 0.95(0.69-1.31) 2.66(1.90-3.72)*** 1.95(1.12-3.43)* 0.84(0.42-1.69) 3.43(1.65-7.11)** 5.71(0.71-45.58) 1.20(0.74-1.95) 2.94(1.73-4.98)*** 1.24(0.53-2.86) 0.87(0.48-1.57) 1.45(0.79-2.69) 1.78(0.77-4.16)

#children referred to five without children vs. co-resident with children, partner referred to five without partner vs co-resident with partner, grandchildren referred to not take care of grandchildren vs take care of grandchildren.

##controlling for age, gender, ethnics, educational level, employment status, living place, self-reported health status and years.

###controlling for age, gender, ethnics, educational level, employment status, living place and self-reported health status.

Tsai et al.

Tsai et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:567   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-567

Open Data