Table 3

Bivariate and multivariable associations* from a population-averaged logistic regression model of contemporary factors in the past year and any IPV in the current year in sexually active women in the Rakai Community Cohort Study, 2000 to 2009
Contemporary factor Baseline n (%) Bivariate association Multivariable model, 13533 observations, 6916 women
OR (95% CI) p value N in model† OR (95% CI) p value
Age 15-19 4861 (28.3) - - -
20-24 5018 (29.2) - - -
25-34 5008 (29.2) - - -
35-49 2285 (13.3) - -
Continuous 28.3 (8.3)§ 0.99 (0.99, 0.99) p < 0.001 29659, 10954 0.99 (0.98, 1.00) p = 0.01
Marital status Never married 3777 (21.9) 1 29659, 10954 1
Previously married 2287 (13.3) 1.35 (1.20, 1.52) p < 0.001 1.08 (0.85, 1.38) p = 0.53
Currently married- polygamous 2611 (15.2) 1.75 (1.57, 1.95) p < 0.001 1.44 (0.92, 2.25) p = 0.11
Currently married- monogamous 8562 (49.7) 1.83 (1.66, 2.01) p < 0.001 1.32 (0.85, 2.04) p = 0.22
Religion Catholic 10115 (59.0) 1 29592, 10898 1
Protestant 3613 (21.1) 0.99 (0.91, 1.07) p = 0.77 1.02 (0.92, 1.14) p = 0.66
Muslim 2713 (15.8) 0.82 (0.75, 0.89) p < 0.001 0.88 (0.77, 1.02) p = 0.08
Other 708 (4.1) 0.92 (0.78, 1.09) p = 0.34 1.00 (0.79, 1.28) p = 0.97
Occupation Agriculture 9601 (56.0) 1 29658, 10953 1
Shopkeeper/trading/vending 1510 (8.8) 0.87 (0.79, 0.95) p = 0.003 0.92 (0.80, 1.06) p = 0.25
Housework 1334 (7.8) 1.02 (0.91, 1.16) p = 0.71 0.99 (0.80, 1.21) p = 0.90
Professional 1171 (6.8) 0.70 (0.62, 0.80) p < 0.001 0.88 (0.73, 1.07) p = 0.19
Student 1283 (7.5) 0.43 (0.36, 0.52) p < 0.001 1.04 (0.34, 3.15) p = 0.95
Home brewing/bar worker/owner 444 (2.6) 1.26 (1.04, 1.52) p = 0.02 1.12 (0.84, 1.50) p = 0.45
Other 1797 (10.5) 0.83 (0.76, 0.91) p < 0.001 1.01 (0.87, 1.17) p = 0.88
Partner’s occupation Agriculture 4506 (27.4) 1 29171, 10682 1
Shopkeeper/trading/vending 4409 (26.8) 0.95 (0.89, 1.01) p = 0.11 0.91 (0.82, 1.01) p = 0.07
Professional 2028 (12.3) 0.81 (0.74, 0.89) p < 0.001 0.82 (0.71, 0.95) p = 0.01
Student 485 (3.0) 0.44 (0.33, 0.59) p < 0.001 0.75 (0.26, 2.13) p = 0.58
Home brewing/bar worker/owner 161 (1.0) 1.24 (0.98, 1.56) p = 0.08 1.13 (0.80, 1.60) p = 0.48
Trucker 707 (4.3) 0.76 (0.65, 0.88) p < 0.001 0.82 (0.66, 1.03) p = 0.09
Other 4169 (25.3)

0.98 (0.91, 1.05)

p = 0.48

0.94 (0.84, 1.04) p = 0.22
Pregnancy status No 10838 (79.0) 1 26263, 9734 1
Yes 2877 (21.0) 1.11 (1.04, 1.18) p = 0.002 1.02 (0.92, 1.12) p = 0.71
Type of relationship Husband 7502 (44.9) 1 29265, 10705 1
Current consensual partner 3981 (23.8) 1.03 (0.97, 1.10) p = 0.35 0.88 (0.79, 0.67) p = 0.01
Boyfriend 4941 (29.5) 0.69 (0.64, 0.74) p < 0.001 0.70 (0.47, 1.05) p = 0.09
Other 301 (1.8) 0.78 (0.58, 1.04) p = 0.10 1.20 (0.48, 2.97) p = 0.70
Length of time in relationship <3 years 5881 (43.4) 1 27050, 9956 1
4-6 years 2774 (20.5) 0.94 (0.88, 1.01) p = 0.11 0.84 (0.75, 0.94) p = 0.002
>6 years 4907 (36.2) 0.86 (0.80, 0.92) p < 0.001 0.79 (0.70, 0.90) p < 0.001
Partner age difference Same age 991 (7.4) 1 23887, 9682 1
≥10 years older 2098 (15.8) 1.10 (0.96, 1.26) p = 0.16 0.83 (0.69, 1.00) p = 0.05
5-9 years older 3703 (27.8) 1.11 (0.98, 1.26) p = 0.11 0.83 (0.69, 0.99) p = 0.04
<5 years older 5988 (45.0) 1.06 (0.94, 1.20) p = 0.34 0.83 (0.70, 0.99) p = 0.04
<5 years younger 440 (3.3) 1.23 (1.02, 1.47) p = 0.03 1.02 (0.79, 1.32) p = 0.87
≥5 years younger 97 (0.7) 1.30 (0.91, 1.86) p = 0.15 1.21 (0.76, 1.91) p = 0.42
Number of partners in past year 1 14653 (90.9) 1 27892, 10419 1
>1 1473 (9.1) 1.26 (1.12, 1.42) p < 0.001 1.27 (0.99, 1.62) p = 0.06
Woman’s use of alcohol before sex No 12086 (72.6) 1 29081, 10686 1
Yes 4563 (27.4) 1.32 (1.25, 1.40) p < 0.001 1.21 (1.10, 1.32) p < 0.001
Partner’s use of alcohol before sex No 7722 (49.7) 1 25525, 10381 1
Yes 7826 (50.3) 1.48 (1.40, 1.56) p < 0.001 1.46 (1.34, 1.60) p < 0.001
Attitudes toward violence Not acceptable 1551 (14.4) 1 22088, 9541 1
Acceptable 9187 (85.6) 1.48 (1.36, 1.60) p < 0.001 1.43 (1.28, 1.59) p < 0.001
HIV status Negative 14143 (87.5) 1 28677, 10620 1
Positive 2013 (12.5) 1.02 (0.93, 1.13) p = 0.61 1.03 (0.90, 1.18) p = 0.65

*From repeated measures logistic regression models. †N in model is number of observations, number of groups (i.e. women).

Kouyoumdjian et al.

Kouyoumdjian et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:566   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-566

Open Data