Table 3

Baseline characteristics by sex and categories of waist circumference
Men Waist circumference
<94 cm N = 3,702 ≥94 and <102 cm N = 3,473 ≥102 cm N = 4,215 p-value p for linear trend
Age, mean (SD) 50 (11) 54 (11) 56 (11) <0.001 <0.001
Current smoker 1406 (38.0%) 1035 (29.8%) 1280 (30.4%) <0.001 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 128 (17) 134 (18) 140 (18) <0.001 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 78 (10) 81 (10) 84 (11) <0.001 <0.001
Hypertension 1219 (33.1%) 1764 (51.0%) 2894 (68.8%) <0.001 <0.001
Glycaemia (mg/dl), median [IQR] 94 [88–102] 99 [91–109] 103 [93–117] <0.001 <0.001
Diabetes 330 (8.9%) 539 (15.6%) 1038 (24.8%) <0.001 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 212 (38) 217 (39) 214 (40) <0.001 0.021
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 51 (12) 49 (10) 47 (10) <0.001 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 138 (34) 141 (34) 138 (34) <0.001 0.884
Triglycerides (mg/dl), median [IQR] 102 [78–139] 120 [88–165] 132 [97–188] <0.001 <0.001
Hypercholesterolemia 1438 (39.1%) 1710 (49.7%) 2181 (52.0%) <0.001 <0.001
History of CV disease 150 (4.2%) 192 (5.8%) 402 (10.0%) <0.001 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean (SD) 24.7 (2.4) 27.7 (2.1) 31.7 (3.5) <0.001 <0.001
Waist-to-height ratio, mean (SD) 0.51 (0.04) 0.58 (0.03) 0.65 (0.05) <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk, median [IQR] 2.8 [1.6-4.9] 4.1 [2.3-7.1] 5.4 [3.2-8.6] <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk ≥10% 184 (5.4%) 352 (11.4%) 650 (18.2%) <0.001 <0.001
Women <80 cm N = 2,900 ≥80 cm and <88 N = 2,800 ≥88 cm N = 7,434 p-value
Age, mean (SD) 46 (9) 51 (10) 57 (11) <0.001 <0.001
Current smoker 918 (31.7%) 671 (24.0%) 1019 (13.7%) <0.001 <0.001
Systolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 115 (16) 122 (19) 134 (20) <0.001 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure, mean (SD) 72 (10) 75 (10) 80 (10) <0.001 <0.001
Hypertension 465 (16.1%) 808 (29.0%) 4289 (57.9%) <0.001 <0.001
Glycaemia (mg/dl), median [IQR] 88 [83–94] 90 [85–97] 96 [88–107] <0.001 <0.001
Diabetes 87 (3.0%) 151 (5.4%) 1312 (17.8%) <0.001 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 206 (36) 215 (37) 219 (38) <0.001 <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 61 (13) 59 (12) 55 (12) <0.001 <0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl), mean (SD) 129 (32) 137 (33) 139 (34) <0.001 <0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl), median [IQR] 75 [60–95] 86 [68–114] 109 [82–149] <0.001 <0.001
Hypercholesterolemia 881 (30.5%) 1163 (42.0%) 3807 (51.5%) <0.001 <0.001
History of CV disease 69 (2.5%) 86 (3.2%) 326 (4.6%) <0.001 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean (SD) 22.7 (2.4) 25.3 (2.5) 30.9 (4.8) <0.001 <0.001
Waist-to-height ratio, mean (SD) 0.46 (0.03) 0.53 (0.03) 0.64 (0.07) <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk, median [IQR] 0.9 [0.5-1.9] 1.7 [0.8-3.1] 3.1 [1.7-4.9] <0.001 <0.001
10-year CAD risk ≥10% 9 (0.3%) 17 (0.7%) 229 (3.4%) <0.001 <0.001

Abbreviation: CAD Coronary artery disease, CV Cardiovascular, HDL High-density Llipoprotein, IQR Interquartile range, LDL low-density lipoprotein, SD Standard deviation.

Félix-Redondo et al.

Félix-Redondo et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:542   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-542

Open Data