Table 5

Free-listing of the types of food, drink, and medicine given to infants under 6 months old
Food and drink # mentioned Local term Information
(N = 28)
1. Maize-based porridge 27 Uji Maize, water, and sometimes sugar or cow’s milk
2.
    Herbs/ roots
23 Mihaso Including mzaraf for abdominal colic, stomachache
3. Cow’s milk 15 Maziya
3. Ugali 15 Sima
4. Banana 14 Ndizi Could be mixed with mango or potato
5. Water 12 Madzi
6. Potato 11 Viazi
6. Bean’s soup 11 Maharabuie mtsuzi
7.
    Medicine (not specified)
8 Mostly from hospital or over-the-counter medicine
8. Tea 7 Chai
8. Orange juice 7 Often artificially sweetened juice from shop
9. Green leafy vegetables 6 Mtsunga
9.
    Piriton syrup
6 Piriton Over-the –counter-medicine for fever
10. Fish soup 5 Supu ya samaki
11.
    Septrin
4 Septrin Over-the-counter medicine for fever
11. Water + Sugar + Salt (home-made ORS?) 4 Some say to increase baby’s appetite or for thirst
11. Avocado 4 Ovacado Could be mixed with milk
12.
    “Gripe Water
3 Gripe water Over-the-counter medicine for abdominal colic, stomachache
12.
    Bonnissan
3 Bonissan Over-the-counter medicine for abdominal colic, stomachache
12. Passion juice 3 Often artificially sweetened juice from shop
12. Mango 3 Embe
12. Rice-based porridge 3 Mchele Mphunga
12. Honey 3 Asali
12. Chicken soup 3
13. Goat’s milk 2
13.
    Malaria tablet
2 From hospital or over-the-counter medicine
13. Juice (not specified) 2
14. Pancake 1 Chapati
14. Biscuit 1
14.
    Panadol syrup
1 Over-the-counter medicine for fever
14.
    Dentinox
1 Over-the-counter medicine for abdominal colic, stomachache
14. Pineapple juice 1
14. Powder milk 1

Matsuyama et al.

Matsuyama et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:525   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-525

Open Data