Table 1

Outcomes related to animal husbandry and infection control practices tested for association with presence of higher risk individuals in the household and receipt of zoonotic disease education (Ontario, Canada)
I. Outcome variables (yes/no) tested for association with presence of any higher risk individuals in the household and prior receipt of zoonotic disease education1
Any uncontrolled outdoor access (cat)2 Dump aquarium water in bathtub, shower, kitchen sink, or bathroom sink (fish)
When outdoors, all always in fenced yard or on leash (dog) Household very attached (cat, dog, reptile, fish, bird, exotic mammal)
Within past 3 months, any dogs on a leash at a dog park Any fed raw animal product (cat, dog)4
Within past 3 months, any dogs off leash at a dog park (dog) Any fed raw animal product not including raw animal treats (dog)
All on a flea prevention program (cat, dog)3 Any drink from the toilet (cat, dog)
All with outside access on flea prevention program (cat) Any fed in the kitchen (cat, dog)
All on an intestinal parasite prevention program (cat, dog)3 Any used for breeding (dog)
All with outside access on an intestinal parasite prevention program (cat) Any used for hunting (dog)
All have at least annual veterinary examinations (cat, dog) Any declawed (cat)
Any allowed to roam freely through house (reptile) Any ever bitten anyone (cat, dog)
Any allowed to roam in kitchen (reptile) Any ever scratched anyone (cat)
Any cages or animals washed in bathtub or bathroom sink (reptile) Clean litter boxes daily (cat)
Cage or litter boxes cleaned every several days, or more frequently (cat, reptile, bird, exotic mammal)
II. Outcome variables (yes/no) tested for association with all household children being higher risk (less than 5 yrs) and prior receipt of zoonotic disease education1,5
Any children have access to the litter box (cat) Clean up feces immediately (dog)
Any children clean-up feces (cat, dog) Never sleep in children’s bed (cat, dog)
Any children wear gloves when cleaning feces (dog)6 Any children play in same area pet goes to the bathroom (dog)
Children wash hands after cleaning feces (dog)6 Any children touch pet (cat, dog)
Ever lick children’s faces (dog) Children never wash hands after touching pet (cat, dog)

1Presence of higher risk individuals in the household defined as one or more individuals < 5 yrs, ≥ 65 yrs, or ever diagnosed with an immunocompromising condition (e.g., HIV/AIDS, diabetes, cancer). Receipt of zoonotic disease information defined as recollection of having ever received information from any source about diseases that can be transmitted from pets or precautions to take with pets.

2Uncontrolled outdoor access defined as households with one or more outdoor only cats or indoor/outdoor cats not placed on a leash when outdoors.

3Respondant asked if all dogs/cats on flea or endoparasite prevention programs; the specific components of the programs were not assessed.

4Raw animal products defined as raw meat, raw eggs, or raw animal product treats.

5Analysis investigating the presence of higher risk children in the household was only performed for children-specific outcomes and only concerned comparison between children-containing households in which all children were < 5 yrs and those in which all children were ≥ 5 yrs.

6Association only assessed with prior receipt of zoonotic disease education.

Stull et al.

Stull et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:520   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-520

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