Table 4

Multinomial regression analysis of variables associated with problem gambling severity
Measures Low level of problems Moderate level of problems Problem gambling
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Agea 0.98*** (0.97-0.99) 0.98** (0.97-0.99) 0.97* (0.94-0.99)
Male gender 2.46*** (1.94-3.12) 3.91*** (2.62-5.83) 7.51*** (2.78-20.29)
Education (<12yrs) 1.28* (1.02-1.61) 1.95*** (1.36-2.81) 1.23 (0.56-2.69)
Unemployed 1.15 (0.72-1.83) 1.25 (0.64-2.44) 4.78** (1.89-12.07)
Risk-level alcohol consumptionb 1.62** (1.21-2.16) 1.96** (1.3-2.95) 0.74 (0.28-1.95)
Smoking (daily) 1.78*** (1.35-2.33) 1.80** (1.21-2.68) 6.08*** (2.71-13.61)

Note. * p < .01 ** p < .001 *** p < .000.

Problem Gambling severity ( Reference group: non-problem gambling).

aAnalysed as a continuous variable.

b Risk-level alcohol consumption is defined as consuming at least 6 units at least once a week.

Castrén et al.

CastrĂ©n et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:519   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-519

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