Table 1

Descriptive statistics for individuals (N=36,304) sickness absent due to stress-related mental disorders
Characteristics N %
Socio-demographic characteristics
Sex
   Female 26315 72.5
   Male 9989 27.5
Age (years)
   17–25 1821 5.0
   26–35 8216 22.6
   36–45 11464 31.6
   46–55 9138 25.2
   56–65 5665 15.6
Education (years)
   0 to 9 4362 12.0
   10 to 12 18066 49.8
   Above 12 13876 38.2
Country of birth
   Sweden 31763 87.5
   Other Nordic countries 1313 3.6
   Other European countries 717 2.0
   Outside Europe 2511 6.9
Place of residence
   Big cities 14017 38.6
   Medium size cities 12869 35.4
   Small town 9418 25.9
Family situation
   Married/cohabiting without children a 4663 12.8
   Married/cohabiting with children a 13955 38.4
   Single people without children a 11490 31.6
   Single people with children a 6196 17.1
Sickness absence characteristics b
   Repeated spells
   1 spell due to SRMD* 34569 95.2
   > 1 spell due to SRMD* 1735 4.8
Spells with mental/somatic diagnoses
   Only spells with mental diagnoses 32586 89.8
   One additional spell with somatic diagnoses 3330 9.2
   Multiple spells with somatic diagnoses 388 1.1
Full-time c
   No 4609 12.7
   Yes 31695 87.3
Part-time d
   No 18219 50.2
   Yes 18085 49.8
Duration (days) e
   1–14 10157 28.0
   15–90 17370 47.8
   91–180 3742 10.3
   181–365 2469 6.8
   > 365 2566 7.1
Number of spells f
   1 spell 30048 82.8
   2 spells 5291 14.6
   > 2 spells 965 2.7
Health care characteristics
Hospital stay due to mental diagnoses (days) g
   No hospital stay 35036 96.5
   1 to 8 663 1.8
   > 8 605 1.7
Hospital stay due to somatic diagnoses (days) g
   No hospital stay 25619 70.6
   1 to 4 5797 16.0
   > 4 4888 13.5
Outpatient care visits due to mental diagnoses g
   No visits 33013 90.9
   1 1763 4.9
   > 1 1528 4.2
Outpatient care visits due to somatic diagnoses g
   No visits 8806 24.3
   1 to 4 16238 44.7
   > 4 11260 31

* SRMD – stress-related mental disorders; a Children living in the household; b Sickness absence due to stress-related mental disorders; c Individual had at least one full-time period (at least one day with 100% sickness absence) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; d Individual had at least one part-time period (day) in the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders; e Duration of the first sickness absence spell due to stress-related mental disorders initiated in 2005; f Number of new sick leave spells initiated in 2005 regardless of diagnosis; g Cut-offs are based on the diagnosis-specific median.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al.

Ishtiak-Ahmed et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:492   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-492

Open Data