Table 5

Multivariate associations between individual characteristics and not sustaining lifestyle behaviors for diabetes management, among Canadian adults age 20 years and older with type 2 diabetes who ever engaged in the lifestyle behaviors
Not sustained diet change Not sustained exercise engagement Not sustained weight control Not sustained smoking cessation
Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR
Age
   20-64 1 1 1 1
   65+ 0.5 (0.3, 0.6)* 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.9 (0.5, 1.4)
Sex
   Female 1 1 1 1
   Male 0.7 (0.4, 1.0) 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 0.9 (0.6, 1.1) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7)
Education
   Post-secondary graduate 1 1 1 1
   Some post-secondary 1.1 (0.6, 2.0) 1.0 (0.7, 1.5) 1.0 (0.6, 1.6) 1.9 (0.8, 4.6)
   Secondary graduate 0.9 (0.5, 1.5) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.9 (0.4, 1.7)
   < Secondary 1.0 (0.7, 1.6) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7)
Income
   ≥ $80,000 1 1 1 1
   $50,000-$79,999 1.4 (0.8, 2.5) 1.3 (0.9, 1.8) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 1.0 (0.4, 2.4)
   $30,000-$49,000 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.8, 0.3, 2.2)
   $15,000-$29,999 1.1 (0.6, 2.1) 1.0 (0.7, 1.3) 1.0 (0.6, 1.7) 1.2 (0.5, 3.1)
   <$15,000 1.0 (0.5, 2.2) 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) 1.0 (0.3, 3.1)
Time since diagnosis
   < 2 years 1 1 1 1
   3–5 years 1.6 (0.9, 3.0) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.2 (0.8, 2.0) 3.2 (0.8, 12.8)
   6+ years 2.0 (1.2, 3.4)* 1.1 (0.9, 1.4) 1.8 (1.2, 2.6)* 3.8 (1.0, 13.9)*
Ethnicity
   White 1 1 1 1
   Aboriginal off-reserve 1.4 (0.6, 3.2) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.3 (0.6, 2.6) 1.2 (0.2, 5.8)
   Other 1.2 (0.6, 2.7) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8) 0.6 (0.1, 5.1)
Married/common-law
   No 1 1 1 1
   Yes 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 1.3 (0.7, 2.4)
Region
   Rural 1 1 1 1
   Urban 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 1.0 (0.8, 1.2) 0.9 (0.7, 1.3) 1.4 (0.6, 3.0)
Advice for behavior provided
   Yes 1 1 1 1
   No 0.7 (0.5, 1.1) 1.2 (1.0, 1.5)* 0.3 (0.2, 0.5)* 0.5 (0.1, 1.8)

*Significant estimates (p<0.05).

Agborsangaya et al.

Agborsangaya et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:451   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-451

Open Data