Table 4

Multivariate associations between individual characteristics and never engaging in self-management behaviors among Canadian adults age 20 years and older with type 2 diabetes (n=2,682)
Never changed diet Never engaged in exercise Never controlled/lost weight Never quit smoking
Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR Multivariate RR
Age
   20-64 1 1 1 1
   65+ 2.6 (1.6, 4.2)* 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 1.5 (0.9, 2.5) 1.1 (0.3, 1.4)
Sex
   Female 1 1 1 1
   Male 1.9 (1.3, 2.8)* 1.0 (0.8, 1.2) 1.5 (1.0, 2.4) 1.0 (0.7, 1.3)
Education
   Post-secondary graduate 1 1 1 1
   Some post-secondary 1.7 (0.8, 3.8) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.9 (0.3, 2.6) 0.8 (0.4, 1.7)
   Secondary graduate 0.9 (0.4, 1.8) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) 0.9 (0.6, 1.4)
   < Secondary 1.7 (1.2, 2.4)* 1.3 (1.1, 1.7)* 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.9 (0.7, 1.2)
Income
   ≥ $80,000 1 1 1 1
   $50,000-$79,999 4.0 (1.7, 9.2)* 1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 1.0 (0.4, 2.5) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8)
   $30,000-$49,000 3.8 (1.8, 8.1)* 1.6 (1.0, 2.4)* 1.0 (0.4, 2.4) 0.9 (0.5, 1.5)
   $15,000-$29,999 4.1 (1.9, 8.6)* 2.1 (1.3, 3.6)* 1.0 (0.5, 2.3) 1.0 (0.6, 1.8)
   <$15,000 4.5 (1.9, 10.6)* 2.0 (1.2, 3.5)* 2.1 (0.8, 5.7) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3)
Time since diagnosis
   < 2 years 1 1 1 1
   3–5 years 0.9 (0.4, 1.5) 1.4 (1.0, 2.1) 1.1 (0.5, 2.5) 0.7 (0.4, 1.2)
   6+ years 0.9 (0.5, 1.4) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7) 0.8 (0.4, 1.7) 0.7 (0.5, 1.2)
Ethnicity
   White 1 1 1 1
   Aboriginal off-reserve 1.6 (0.8, 3.3) 0.9 (0.5, 1.6) 0.9 (0.4, 2.1) 1.7 (0.9, 3.2)
   Other 3.3 (1.7, 6.3)* 0.7 (0.4, 1.2) 1.7 (0.8, 3.8) 0.5 (0.1, 2.0)
Married/common-law
   No 1 1 1 1
   Yes 1.0 (0.6, 1.5) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.1 (0.5, 1.2) 0.6 (0.4, 1.0)*
Region
   Rural 1 1 1 1
   Urban 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) 1.1 (0.7, 1.8) 0.8 (0.5, 1.1)
Advice for behavior provided
   Yes 1 1 1 1
   No 2.7 (1.8, 4.2)* 1.7 (1.3, 2.1)* 2.2 (1.3, 3.6)* 1.0 (0.7, 1.5)

*Significant estimates (p<0.05).

Agborsangaya et al.

Agborsangaya et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:451   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-451

Open Data