Table 5

Mean scores of knowledge, attitude and practice
Description N (780) Knowledge score (Mean ± SD) P value Attitude score (Mean ± SD) P value Practice score (Mean ± SD) P value
Age (36.62 ± 9.597)*
18-27 85 8.41 (2.8) 0.200 4.08 (1.2) 0.240 2.28 (0.9) 0.373
28-37 125 9.02 (2.8) 4.06 (1.2) 2.46 (1.0)
38-47 136 8.46 (2.6) 3.67 (2.4) 2.43 (1.1)
48-57 35 7.37 (2.5) 3.66 (1.1) 2.11 (0.9)
>58 09 6.11 (2.1) 3.91 (1.2) 2.11 (0.9)
Gender**
Male 223 8.73 (2.6) 0.290 3.96 (1.2) 0.602 2.47 (1.0) 0.340
Female 167 8.14 (2.9) 3.79 (1.2) 2.24 (0.9)
Education*
Illiterate 19 6.26 (2.3) 0.001 3.16 (0.8) 0.001 1.79 (0.5) 0.001
Religious only 67 7.03 (2.5) 3.55 (0.9) 2.06 (0.9)
Primary 104 7.81 (2.5) 3.77 (1.0) 2.00 (0.6)
Metric 55 9.07 (2.5) 3.95 (1.2) 2.40 (0.8)
Intermediate 66 9.10 (2.8) 4.18 (1.2) 2.39 (1.0)
Graduation 55 9.74 (2.2) 4.29 (1.3) 3.05 (1.1)
Post-graduation 24 11.37(1.8) 4.35 (1.2) 3.63 (1.2)
Occupation*
Unemployed 166 7.91 (2.8) 0.001 3.86 (1.2) 0.001 2.19 (0.9) 0.001
Government servant 34 10.41(2.2) 4.16 (1.4) 3.38 (1.3)
Private servant 110 9.27 (2.7) 4.08 (1.1) 2.48 (1.0)
Self employed 86 7.76 (2.3) 3.77 (1.1) 2.17 (0.8)
Income*
No income 150 7.87 (2.9) 0.131 3.87 (1.2) 0.269 2.20 (0.9) 0.145
< Pak Rs. 5000 50 8.92 (2.2) 4.02 (1.2) 2.22 (1.0)
5001-10000 35 7.74 (3.3) 3.86 (1.0) 2.14 (0.7)
10001-15000 83 9.18 (2.4) 3.94 (1.2) 2.41 (1.0)
>15001 72 8.97 (2.6) 3.95 (1.2) 2.90 (1.2)
Locality**
Urban 273 9.07 (2.6) 0.001 3.98 (1.2) 0.001 2.50 (1.0) 0.001
Rural 117 7.10 (2.6) 3.83 (1.1) 2.07 (0.9)
Total 390 8.48 (2.7) 3.87 (1.2) 2.37 (1.0)

* Kruskal Wallis Test (p< 0.05).

** Mann Whitney Test (p< 0.05).

ul Haq et al.

ul Haq et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:448   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-448

Open Data