Table 1

OCP items and organizational culture types according to the competing values framework
Competing values framework OCP
Culture type Principal values OCP scale items
Group Cohesion Fairness (OCP1)
Morale Respect for the individual’s rights (OCP2)
HR development Tolerance (OCP3)
Open communication Being socially responsible (OCP4)
Cooperation Being people oriented (OCP10)
Trust Being team oriented (OCP11)
Teamwork Working in collaboration with others (OCP12)
Openness
Participation
Hierarchical Stability order Being careful (OCP19)
Rationality Paying attention to detail (OCP20)
Predictability Being precise (OCP21)
Security Being rule oriented (OCP22)
Coordination of activities Security of employment Stability (OCP23)
Procedures Stability (OCP24)
Streamlined operations Predictability (OCP26)
Developmental Flexibility A willingness to experiment (OCP14)
Creativity Not being constrained by many rules (OCP15)
Experimentation Being quick to take advantage of opportunities
Risk (OCP16)
Autonomy Being innovative (OCP17)
Adaptation Risk taking (OCP18)
Readiness
Innovative
Rational Productivity Being competitive (OCP5)
Efficiency Achievement orientation (OCP6)
Competitiveness Having high expectations for performance (OCP7)
Aggressiveness Being results oriented (OCP8)
Results orientation Being analytical (OCP9)
Planning and goal setting Action oriented (OCP13)
Action oriented Being aggressive (OCP25)
Producing outputs

Marchand et al.

Marchand et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:443   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-443

Open Data