Table 5

Mortality hazard ratios (HR) among the unemployed in 1991, by age group and cause of death, controlling for age and for age and all other variables, men and women aged 30–69 at cohort inception, 1991-2001
Men Women
Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1) Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1)
Deaths HR 95% CI HR 95% CI Deaths HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Ages 30-39
All causes of death 5,021 1.75 1.61 −1.90 1.39 1.27 −1.51 2,466 1.39 1.22 −1.59 1.30 1.14 −1.49
Malignant neoplasms 1,156 1.43 1.18 −1.72 1.30 1.07 −1.59 1,336 1.06 0.87 −1.30 1.02 0.84 −1.25
Circulatory diseases 860 1.39 1.11 −1.73 1.11 0.89 −1.40 296 2.10 1.52 −2.91 1.87 1.35 −2.59
Respiratory diseases 57 2.02 0.96 −4.27 1.57 0.73 −3.38 36 1.13 0.35 −3.67 1.04 0.32 −3.42
Alcohol-related diseases 153 2.69 1.78 −4.08 1.94 1.26 −2.98 39 2.76 1.22 −6.25 2.24 0.97 −5.16
Accidents and violence 1,857 2.02 1.77 −2.29 1.54 1.34 −1.76 462 1.70 1.29 −2.25 1.61 1.21 −2.13
All other causes 1,091 1.93 1.62 −2.29 1.40 1.18 −1.68 336 1.74 1.27 −2.42 1.51 1.09 −2.09
Ages 40-49
All causes of death 9,195 1.62 1.51 −1.73 1.33 1.23 −1.43 4,773 1.44 1.30 −1.59 1.38 1.24 −1.52
Malignant neoplasms 3,500 1.41 1.25 −1.59 1.23 1.09 −1.40 3,134 1.16 1.01 −1.33 1.14 0.99 −1.31
Circulatory diseases 2,647 1.57 1.37 −1.79 1.31 1.14 −1.50 683 1.99 1.57 −2.52 1.77 1.40 −2.25
Respiratory diseases 163 1.96 1.20 −3.20 1.47 0.89 −2.43 97 2.60 1.48 −4.58 2.24 1.26 −3.98
Alcohol-related diseases 285 3.12 2.28 −4.26 2.12 1.53 −2.94 66 3.77 2.06 −6.92 3.35 1.80 −6.22
Accidents and violence 1,409 1.96 1.66 −2.32 1.51 1.27 −1.79 360 1.65 1.17 −2.34 1.56 1.10 −2.23
All other causes 1,476 1.82 1.54 −2.15 1.38 1.16 −1.64 499 2.14 1.64 −2.80 1.98 1.51 −2.61
Ages 50-59
All causes of death 15,053 1.36 1.29 −1.44 1.22 1.15 −1.29 5,555 1.20 1.09 −1.32 1.17 1.07 −1.30
Malignant neoplasms 7,096 1.27 1.17 −1.38 1.16 1.07 −1.27 3,510 1.10 0.96 −1.24 1.09 0.96 −1.24
Circulatory diseases 4,731 1.31 1.18 −1.45 1.16 1.05 −1.29 1,043 1.04 0.82 −1.32 1.00 0.79 −1.27
Respiratory diseases 488 1.90 1.45 −2.50 1.55 1.17 −2.05 208 1.64 1.05 −2.55 1.62 1.04 −2.53
Alcohol-related diseases 329 1.63 1.14 −2.34 1.23 0.85 −1.78 79 1.57 0.76 −3.26 1.35 0.65 −2.83
Accidents and violence 825 1.88 1.52 −2.33 1.56 1.25 −1.94 177 2.30 1.51 −3.52 2.32 1.51 −3.56
All other causes 1,913 1.49 1.28 −1.74 1.30 1.11 −1.52 617 1.61 1.24 −2.08 1.51 1.17 −1.97
Ages 60-69
All causes of death 12,411 1.07 1.00 −1.14 1.03 0.96 −1.10 3,290 1.10 0.95 −1.26 1.09 0.95 −1.25
Malignant neoplasms 5,398 1.08 0.98 −1.19 1.03 0.93 −1.14 1,764 1.09 0.90 −1.31 1.08 0.90 −1.31
Circulatory diseases 4,444 0.93 0.83 −1.05 0.91 0.81 −1.03 862 1.16 0.88 −1.51 1.16 0.89 −1.52
Respiratory diseases 672 1.00 0.74 −1.36 0.95 0.70 −1.29 157 1.16 0.63 −2.14 1.12 0.60 −2.08
Alcohol-related diseases 159 1.82 1.14 −2.91 1.66 1.03 −2.69 23 0.70 0.09 −5.23 0.66 0.09 −4.95
Accidents and violence 405 1.69 1.24 −2.30 1.69 1.23 −2.32 84 1.00 0.40 −2.47 0.93 0.37 −2.31
All other causes 1,492 1.28 1.07 −1.54 1.21 1.01 −1.46 423 1.02 0.69 −1.52 1.00 0.67 −1.49

(1) Adjusted for age, occupational skill level, educational attainment, marital status, year of immigration, and industry sector.

Person-years (000) for men: ages 30–39; 3,768.7, 40–49; 2,984.0, 50–59; 1,784.9, 60–69; 657.4. Person-years for women: ages 30–39; 3,279.1, 40–49; 2,545.6, 50–59; 1,266.1, 60–69; 359.1.

See Appendix for grouping of causes of death by ICD codes.

Mustard et al.

Mustard et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:441   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-441

Open Data