Table 3

Mortality hazard ratios (HR) among the unemployed in 1991, by cause of death, controlling for age and for age and all other variables, men aged 30–69 at cohort inception, Canada, 1991–1996, 1997–2001 and 1991–2001
1991-1996 1997-2001 1991-2001
Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1) Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1) Deaths Controlling for age Controlling for all variables (1)
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
All causes of death 17,923 1.36 1.29 −1.43 1.22 1.15 −1.28 23,757 1.37 1.31 −1.43 1.22 1.17 −1.28 41,680 1.37 1.32 −1.41 1.22 1.18 −1.26
Malignant neoplasms 7071 1.19 1.09 −1.30 1.10 1.01 −1.21 10,079 1.28 1.19 −1.37 1.17 1.09 −1.26 17,150 1.24 1.18 −1.31 1.14 1.08 −1.21
Stomach cancer 529 1.54 1.16 −2.05 1.45 1.08 −1.94 732 1.17 0.89 −1.54 1.06 0.80 −1.40 1,261 1.33 1.09 −1.61 1.22 1.00 −1.49
Lung cancer 2,248 1.18 1.01 −1.38 1.01 0.86 −1.18 3,091 1.44 1.28 −1.63 1.19 1.05 −1.35 5,339 1.33 1.21 −1.46 1.11 1.01 −1.23
Cancer of intestine and rectum 908 0.92 0.70 −1.21 0.91 0.69 −1.20 1,302 1.22 1.00 −1.50 1.18 0.96 −1.45 2,210 1.10 0.93 −1.29 1.07 0.91 −1.26
Other cancers 3,386 1.21 1.07 −1.37 1.18 1.04 −1.33 4,954 1.21 1.09 −1.34 1.17 1.05 −1.30 8,340 1.21 1.12 −1.31 1.17 1.08 −1.27
Circulatory diseases 5,474 1.19 1.08 −1.32 1.09 0.98 −1.20 7,208 1.24 1.14 −1.35 1.13 1.03 −1.23 12,682 1.22 1.14 −1.30 1.11 1.04 −1.18
Acute myocardial infarction 2,405 1.11 0.95 −1.29 1.02 0.87 −1.19 2,716 1.21 1.05 −1.40 1.11 0.96 −1.28 5,121 1.16 1.05 −1.29 1.07 0.96 −1.18
Other ischaemic heart disease 1,538 1.13 0.93 −1.37 1.03 0.85 −1.25 2,154 1.31 1.12 −1.52 1.17 1.00 −1.36 3,692 1.23 1.09 −1.39 1.11 0.98 −1.25
Cerebro-vascular disease 553 1.35 1.00 −1.81 1.17 0.86 −1.58 863 1.29 1.01 −1.64 1.19 0.93 −1.52 1,416 1.31 1.09 −1.58 1.18 0.98 −1.43
Other circulatory diseases 978 1.42 1.14 −1.76 1.31 1.05 −1.63 1,475 1.17 0.97 −1.42 1.06 0.88 −1.29 2,453 1.27 1.10 −1.46 1.16 1.00 −1.34
Respiratory diseases 406 1.50 1.07 −2.08 1.34 0.95 −1.87 974 1.44 1.16 −1.78 1.22 0.98 −1.52 1,380 1.45 1.21 −1.74 1.25 1.04 −1.51
Alcohol-related diseases 400 2.14 1.60 −2.85 1.54 1.15 −2.07 526 2.33 1.82 −2.98 1.84 1.43 −2.37 926 2.25 1.86 −2.71 1.70 1.40 −2.06
Accidents and violence 2,382 2.01 1.78 −2.26 1.59 1.40 −1.80 2,114 1.88 1.65 −2.14 1.51 1.32 −1.72 4,496 1.94 1.78 −2.12 1.55 1.42 −1.70
Suicide 943 1.94 1.60 −2.35 1.58 1.30 −1.93 879 1.81 1.47 −2.22 1.44 1.17 −1.78 1822 1.87 1.63 −2.16 1.51 1.31 −1.75
Homicide 87 2.78 1.59 −4.85 2.10 1.18 −3.73 50 2.17 0.98 −4.83 1.44 0.63 −3.29 137 2.55 1.62 −4.03 1.83 1.15 −1.94
Traffic accidents 611 1.67 1.29 −2.14 1.35 1.04 −1.75 454 1.51 1.11 −2.05 1.26 0.92 −1.73 1065 1.60 1.32 −1.94 1.31 1.07 −1.60
Falls 104 3.68 2.29 −5.89 2.80 1.71 −4.58 163 1.73 1.06 −2.83 1.49 0.90 −2.47 267 2.44 1.75 −3.42 2.00 1.41 −2.83
Other accidents and violence 637 2.10 1.67 −2.63 1.58 1.25 −2.00 568 2.31 1.82 −2.91 1.81 1.42 −2.30 1205 2.20 1.86 −2.58 1.69 1.42 −1.99
All other causes 2,590 1.60 1.41 −1.82 1.33 1.17 −1.51 3,382 1.58 1.41 −1.77 1.36 1.22 −1.53 5,972 1.59 1.46 −1.73 1.35 1.24 −1.47

(1) Adjusted for age, occupational skill level, educational attainment, marital status, year of immigration, and industry sector.

See Appendix for grouping of causes of death by ICD codes.

Mustard et al.

Mustard et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:441   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-441

Open Data