Table 1

Characteristics of participants, according to the number of migrant parents, Ballabeina and Youp’là Bouge studies
Number of migrant parents 1 Test (p value) 2 Test (p value) 3
None One Both
Ballabeina (N) 142 124 224
 Girls (%) 76 (53.5) 65 (52.4) 117 (52.2) 0.97 0.80
 Age (years) 5.1 ± 0.6 5.3 ± 0.6 5.2 ± 0.6 0.15 0.99
 Born in Switzerland (%) 139 (98.6) 116 (94.3) 192 (86.5) <0.001 <0.001
 Foreign language spoken at home (%) 4 (2.9) 22 (17.7) 161 (71.9) <0.001 <0.001
 At least one parent with low education (%) 4 12 (8.4) 43 (34.7) 119 (53.2) <0.001 <0.001
 Percentage occupation father ≥ 80% (%) 131 (92.3) 115 (92.7) 183 (81.7) 0.002 0.002
 Percentage occupation mother ≥80% (%) 10 (7.0) 18 (14.5) 52 (23.2) <0.001 <0.001
 BMI (kg/m2) 15.4 ± 1.2 15.7 ± 1.6 15.9 ± 1.7 0.03 0.006
 Sleep duration (minutes/day) 666 ± 30 660 ± 30 648 ± 36 <0.001 <0.001
 Screen time (minutes/day) 38 ± 36 69 ± 63 82 ± 64 <0.001 <0.001
 Playing outside (minutes/day) 104 ± 60 88 ± 55 86 ± 54 0.01 0.11
Youp’là bouge (N) 482 275 218
 Girls (%) 229 (47.5) 134 (48.7) 90 (41.3) 0.21 0.19
 Age (years) 3.3 ± 0.7 3.3 ± 0.7 3.3 ± 0.7 0.93 0.26
 Born in Switzerland (%) 470 (97.5) 262 (95.3) 182 (83.5) <0.001 <0.001
 At least one parent with low education (%) 4 20 (4.1) 44 (16.0) 69 (31.6) <0.001 <0.001
 Percentage occupation father ≥ 80% (%) 453 (94.0) 240 (87.3) 190 (87.2) 0.001 <0.005
 Percentage occupation mother ≥80% (%) 93 (19.3) 84 (30.6) 117 (53.7) <0.001 <0.001
 BMI (kg/m2) 16.0 ± 1.2 16.3 ± 1.3 16.6 ± 1.3 <0.001 <0.001
 Sleep duration (minutes/day) 668 ± 41 656 ± 43 641 ± 44 <0.001 <0.001
 Screen time (minutes/day) 31 ± 30 37 ± 35 52 ± 49 <0.001 <0.001
 Playing outside (minutes/day) 115 ± 68 200 ± 65 76 ± 56 <0.001 <0.01

1 born outside of Switzerland; 2 using ANOVA (quantitative data) or chi-square test (qualitative data), not taking child care (cluster) into account; 3 Impact of having one additional migrant parent on different outcomes using linear (quantitative data) or logistic (qualitative data) analyses adjusting for preschool class as cluster with random effect; 4 at most 9 years of education. Results are expressed as mean ± standard deviation or as number of subjects (percentage).

Puder et al.

Puder et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:384   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-384

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