|Background characteristics of clients at first visit to HDI, 2001 – 2008|
|Variable||N = 2526|
|Mean age (SD)||25 (±8.4)|
|Gender, n (%)|
|Marital status, n (%)|
|Married or cohabiting||197 (8)|
|Unmarried a||1869 (74)|
|Missing data||460 (18)|
|Education b, n (%)|
|≥ High school||589 (23)|
|< High school||1766 (70)|
|Missing data||171 (7)|
|Children under 18 years, n (%)|
|Yes c||599 (24)|
|Missing data||214 (8)|
|Referral to treatment, n (%)|
|Other referrals d||1184 (47)|
|Missing data||84 (3)|
|Primary drugs of abuse, n (%)|
|Use of alcohol as primary drugs||659 (26)|
|Use of cannabis as primary drugs||382 (15)|
|Use of prescription medicines as primary drugs||55 (2)|
|Use of opiates as primary drugs||788 (31)|
|Use of stimulants as primary drugs||599 (24)|
|Use of Other drugs as primary drugs e||43 (2)|
HDI – Helsinki Deaconess Institute.
a including – unmarried, separated/divorced or widowed.
b < high school = elementary school, ≥ high school = high/vocational school, university and others.
c Including those children living in the same household, in foster care, elsewhere or unspecified.
d Referral by friends and family, the police, employers and other sources.
e Others – including hallucinogens, solvents/inhalants, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and anabolic steroids.
Onyeka et al.
Onyeka et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:380 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-380