Table 1

Background characteristics of clients at first visit to HDI, 2001 – 2008
Variable N = 2526
Age
  Mean age (SD) 25 (±8.4)
  Missing data -
Gender, n (%)
  Male 1702 (67)
  Female 824 (33)
  Missing data -
Marital status, n (%)
  Married or cohabiting 197 (8)
  Unmarried a 1869 (74)
  Missing data 460 (18)
Education b, n (%)
  ≥ High school 589 (23)
  < High school 1766 (70)
  Missing data 171 (7)
Children under 18 years, n (%)
  Yes c 599 (24)
  No 1713 (68)
  Missing data 214 (8)
Referral to treatment, n (%)
  Self-referral 1258 (50)
  Other referrals d 1184 (47)
  Missing data 84 (3)
Primary drugs of abuse, n (%)
  Use of alcohol as primary drugs 659 (26)
  Use of cannabis as primary drugs 382 (15)
  Use of prescription medicines as primary drugs 55 (2)
  Use of opiates as primary drugs 788 (31)
  Use of stimulants as primary drugs 599 (24)
  Use of Other drugs as primary drugs e 43 (2)
  Missing data -

HDI – Helsinki Deaconess Institute.

a including – unmarried, separated/divorced or widowed.

b < high school = elementary school, ≥ high school = high/vocational school, university and others.

c Including those children living in the same household, in foster care, elsewhere or unspecified.

d Referral by friends and family, the police, employers and other sources.

e Others – including hallucinogens, solvents/inhalants, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid and anabolic steroids.

Onyeka et al.

Onyeka et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:380   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-380

Open Data