Table 1

Characteristics of HIV-infected women at three clinics in Thailand, according to presence or absence of chlamydia and/or gonorrhea symptoms or signs
Characteristics Number (%) of women Number with chlamydia or gonorrhea symptoms/signs* Number without chlamydia or gonorrhea symptoms/signs* P-value
(N = 1,124) (n = 469, 41.7%) (95 % CI: 38.8-44.7) (n = 655, 58.3%) (95% CI: 55.3-61.2)
Demographic characteristics
Age, years (median (IQR)) 32 (28-37) 31 (26-35) 33 (29-38) <0.01
   ≤25 178 (15.8) 97 (20.7) 81 (12.4)
   >25 944 (84.0) 372 (79.3) 572 (87.3)
   Missing 2 (0.2) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.3)
Hospital
   Siriraj Hospital 458 (40.7) 153 (32.6) 305 (46.6) <0.01
   Rajavithi Hospital 300 (26.7) 228 (48.6) 72 (11.0) <0.01
   Bamrasnaradura Institute 366 (32.6) 88 (18.8) 278 (42.4) <0.01
Highest level of education, years (median (IQR)) 9 (6-12) 7 (6-12) 9 (6-12) 0.30
   ≤ Grade 6 530 (47.1) 229 (48.8) 301 (46.0)
   > Grade 6 593 (52.8) 240 (51.2) 353 (53.9)
   Missing 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
Years since HIV diagnosis (median (IQR)) 3.2 (0.8-6.6 years) 2.7 (0.5-5.8 years) 3.4 (1.1-7.4 years) 0.02
Cause of HIV infection
   Heterosexual 1025 (91.2) 427 (91.0) 598 (91.3) 0.88
   Other 99 (8.8) 42 (9.0) 57 (8.7)
Pregnancy
   Yes 124 (11.0) 84 (17.9) 40 (6.1) <0.01
Clinical characteristics
Most recent CD4 count (cells/mm3)
(median (IQR)) 292 (140-453) 265 (110-438) 340 (160-460) 0.02
   ≤ 200 369 (32.8) 176 (37.5) 193 (29.5) <0.01
   > 200 744 (66.2) 285 (61.8) 459 (70.0)
   Unknown or missing 11 (1.0) 8 (1.7) 3 (0.5)
Most recent HIV viral load: HIV-1 RNA (copies/mL) median (IQR) <50 (<50- < 50) <50 (<50- < 50) <50 (<50- < 50)
   ≤ 50 178 (15.8) 37 (7.9) 141 (21.5) <0.01
   > 50 69 (6.2) 33 (7.0) 36 (5.5)
   Missing 877 (78.0) 399 (85.1) 478 (73.0)
Currently on antiretroviral treatment
   No 522 (46.4) 252 (53.7) 270 (41.2) <0.01
   Yes 521 (46.4) 171 (36.5) 350 (53.5)
   Unknown or missing 81 (7.2) 46 (9.8) 35 (5.3)
Behaviors in last 3 months
Sex in the last 3 months1 722 (64.2) 316 (67.4) 406 (62.0) 0.06
• Had steady partner2
   Yes 622 (86.2) 277 (87.6) 345 (85.0) 0.30
     Condom at last sex 66.7% 59.3% 73.0%
   No 66 (9.1) 28 (8.9) 38 (9.3)
   Missing 34 (4.7) 11 (3.5) 23 (5.7)
• Had casual partner 3
   Yes 29 (4.0) 12 (3.8) 17 (4.2) 0.79
     Condom at last sex 56.0% 33.3% 76.9%
   No 639 (88.5) 291 (92.1) 348 (85.7)
   Missing 54 (7.5) 13 (4.1) 41 (10.1)

1 Vaginal and/or anal sex.

2 Steady partner was defined as a person the woman has known for more than 2 months, with whom she has regular sex and to whom she feels psychologically connected.

3 Casual partner was defined as a person the woman has sex with and who do not meet the definition of CSW or steady partner.

*Chlamydia and gonorrhea symptoms or signs were defined as STI symptoms or signs except genital wart, genital ulcer, genital lesions.

Asavapiriyanont et al.

Asavapiriyanont et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:373   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-373

Open Data