Table 1

European Code Against Cancer (third version): primary prevention advice
Risk behaviors Advices
Smoking 1. Do not smoke; if you smoke, stop doing so. If you fail to stop, do not smoke in the presence of non-smokers.
Overweight 2. Avoid obesity.
Sedentary 3. Undertake some brisk, physical activity every day.
Unhealthy diet 4. Increase your daily intake and variety of vegetables and fruits: eat at least five servings daily. Limit your intake of foods containing fats from animal sources.
Alcohol consumption 5. If you drink alcohol, whether beer, wine or spirits, moderate your consumption to two drinks per day if you are a man or one drink per day if you are a woman.
Ultraviolet radiation exposure 6. Care must be taken to avoid excessive sun exposure. It is specifically important to protect children and adolescents. For individuals who have a tendency to burn in the sun, active protective measures must be taken throughout life.
Workplace exposure to carcinogens 7. Apply strictly regulations aimed at preventing any exposure to known cancer-causing substances. Follow all health and safety instructions on substances which may cause cancer. Follow advice of national radiation protection offices.

Lana et al.

Lana et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:357   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-357

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