Table 1

Epidemiological characteristics of HIV new diagnoses reported in Barcelona (2001 – 2011)
2001-2011 2001-2009 Voluntary period 2010-2011 Mandatory period P-value*
n=(4510) n=(3390) n=(1120)
N % N % N %
Sex Men 3692 81,9 2713 80.0 979 87.4 <0.001
Women 818 18,1 677 20 141 12.6
Age (<30 and >30 years age) <30 years of age 619 13,7 289 8,5 330 29.5 <0.001
>30 years of age 3358 74,5 2574 76 784 70
Unknown 533 11,8 527 15.5 6 0.5
Age groups 14-19 years of age 9 0,2 0 0 9 0.8 <0.001
20 -29 years of age 474 10,5 207 6.1 267 23.8
30-39 years of age 1562 34,6 1117 32.9 445 39.7
40-49 years of age 1306 29,0 1021 30.1 285 25.4
50-59 years of age 418 9,3 343 10.1 75 6.7
> 60 years of age 208 4,6 175 5.2 33 2.9
Unknown 533 11,8 527 15.5 6 0.5
Region of birth Spain 1854 41,1 1304 38.5 550 49.1 <0.001
Western Europe and North America 281 6,2 174 5.1 107 9.6
Latin America and Caribbean 849 18,8 561 16.5 288 25.7
Eastern Europe and Central Asia 145 3,2 86 2.5 59 5.3
North Africa and Middle East 54 1,2 37 1.1 17 1.5
Sub-Saharan Africa 198 4,4 148 4.4 50 4.5
Unknown 1129 25,0 1080 31.9 49 4.4
Route of transmission HTS men 487 10,8 359 10.59 128 11.43 <0.001
HTS women 536 11,9 429 12.65 107 9.55
MSM 2052 45,5 1387 40.91 665 59.38
IDU men 419 9,3 334 9.85 85 7.59
IDU women 124 2,7 103 3.04 21 1.88
Unknown 892 19,8 778 23,0 114 10.18
CD4 count > 350 cell/ul 1773 39,3 1257 37.1 516 46.1 <0.001
< 350–200 cells/ul 665 14,7 469 13.8 196 17.5
<200 cells/ul 580 12,9 436 12.9 144 12.9
Unknown 1492 33,1 1228 36.2 264 23.6
Reporting centre Hospital 2915 64,6 2060 60.8 855 76.3 <0.001
Primary care 1595 35,4 1330 39.2 265 23.7

Comparison between voluntary notification period with mandatory notification period. (2001–2009 versus 2010–2011).

HTS: Heterosexual contact, MSM: Men having sex with men, IDU: Injecting drug Users.

* Chi2 test.

Reyes-Urueña et al.

Reyes-Urueña et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:338   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-338

Open Data