Table 5

Rates of psychiatric illness and alcohol use in those who have attempted self-poisoning
Study Method of Psychiatric Assessment Rates of psychiatric illness and alcohol use among study participants (and details where available)
Fernando 1977 [35] Participants interviewed as part of the study. Further details of psychiatric assessment not available. • Psychiatric illness: 15.9% (this included schizophrenia, depression and mental retardation)
Chandrasena 1981 [29] Participants interviewed as part of the study. Further details of psychiatric assessment not available. • Psychiatric illness – 13%
• Alcoholism – 2%
Senanayake et al. 1986 [36] Information based on administrative records. • Psychiatric illness - 5% (in Jaffna region) & 2.3% (in Peradeniya region)
• Alcohol consumption at time of poisoning: 4% (in Peradeniya region)
Hettiarachchi et al. 1989 [33] Participants interviewed as part of the study. Further details of psychiatric assessment not available. • Psychiatric illness – 13.4% (Depression and schizophrenia present in equal numbers, in 77% of psychiatric illness)
• Alcoholism - 7%
Seneviratne et al. 1999 [37] A psychiatric assessment of each participant was conducted by a specialist psychiatrist. • Depression – 18.5%
• Schizophrenia – 1.2%
• Alcoholism – 10.7%
Eddleston et al. 1999 [25] Participants interviewed as part of the study. No formal psychiatric assessment. • Alcohol intoxicated at the time of self-poisoning: 50% of male participants
De Silva et al. 2000 [34] Data obtained from hospital records. • Use of alcohol before/during self-poisoning: 6%
Van Der Hoek et al. 2005 [14] A small subsample of the study population was assessed using a questionnaire based on the Composite Diagnostic Interview Short Form (CIDI-SF). • Alcohol dependence is significantly associated with increased risk of self-poisoning.
• No significant association between depression and self-poisoning (sub sample)
• Alcohol intoxicated at time of self-poisoning: 36%
Konradsen et al. 2006 [22] Based on interviews and focus group discussions. • Life threatening illness or disability or mental illness– 8%
• Alcohol intoxicated at time of self-poisoning: 32% (all males)

Rajapakse et al.

Rajapakse et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:331   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-331

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