Table 1

Baseline characteristics of participants according to FBG levels
Male Female
NFG IFG NFG IFG
n (%) 878 (72.5%) 333 (27.5%) 1224 (82.5%) 259 (17.5%)
Age (years) 52.97 ± 11.68 53.39 ± 11.60 50.62 ± 10.20 54.39 ± 10.87*
Ethnic group (%)
  Han 624 (71.1%) 266 (79.9%) 801 (65.4%) 219 (84.5%)
  Mongolian 235 (26.8%) 56 (16.8%) 398 (32.5%) 35 (13.5%)
  Other 19 (2.1%) 11 (3.3%) 26 (2.1%) 5 (2%)
Smoking (%) 387 (44.1%) 155 (46.5%) 76 (6.2%) 16 (6.2%)
Drinking (%) 449 (51.1%) 188 (56.5%) 64 (5.2%) 14 (5.4%)
Manual labor (%)
  Light 528 (60.1%) 187 (56.2%) 771 (63.0%) 174 (67.2%)
  Moderate 140 (15.9%) 64 (19.2%) 27 (22.1%) 45 (17.4%)
  Heavy 123 (14.0%) 45 (13.5%) 77 (6.3%) 17 (6.6%)
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2 ± 3.6 26.1 ± 3.6* 24.8 ± 3.5 25.7 ± 3.4*
WC (cm) 88.2 ± 10.0 90.0 ± 9.5* 81.1 ± 9.4 84.8 ± 9.0*
SBP (mmHg) 129.1 ± 15.8 130.8 ± 14.6 123.3 ± 15.5 127.5 ± 16.3*
DBP (mmHg) 83.2 ± 10.6 84.4 ± 10.6 79.8 ± 9.6 81.6 ± 9.9*
TC (mmol/L) 5.16 ± 1.05 5.37 ± 1.07* 5.16 ± 0.99 5.27 ± 1.08
TG (mmol/L) 1.50 (1.08–2.32) 1.98 (1.31–2.95)* 1.32 (1.00–1.79) 1.72 (1.14–2.50)*
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.32 ± 0.29 1.29 ± 0.27 1.44 ± 0.29 1.37 ± 0.29*
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.85 ± 0.85 2.93 ± 0.87 2.80 ± 0.81 2.86 ± 0.84
GLU (mmol/L) 5.03 ± 0.38 6.03 ± 0.38* 4.98 ± 0.34 6.00 ± 0.33*
AST (U/L) 24.5 (20.8–29.8) 24.7 (21.2–30.1) 22.1 (18.9–26.1) 23.9 (20.1–28.2)
ALT (U/L) 24.1 (17.9–34.3) 26.7 (19.0–40.0) 17.5 (13.6–24.0) 21.5 (15.8–29.7)*
GGT (U/L) 32.4 (21.5–32.4) 40.3 (26.4–63.8)* 19.1 (14.0–28.2) 24.2 (17.3–39.4)*
ALP (U/L) 81.7 (69.2–94.5) 81.7 (68.0–95.1) 76.3 (62.2–97.2) 84.0 (68.0–100.1)*
CK (U/L) 98.9 (76.2–135.1) 103.0 (82.6–139.1)* 75.4 (60.0–100.0) 80.7 (61.5–108.2)*
UA (μmmol/L) 347.1 ± 78.8 365.6 ± 83.3* 262.1 ± 64.6 297.5 ± 69.5*

1 Abbreviations: FBG, Fasting blood glucose; NFG, Normal fasting glucose; IFG, Impaired fasting glucose; BMI, Body mass index; WC, Waist circumference; SBP, Systolic blood pressure; DBP, Diastolic blood pressure; TC, Total cholesterol; TG, Triglyceride; HDL-C, High density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, Low density lipoprotein cholesterol; GLU, Glucose; AST, Aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, Alanine aminotransferase; GGT, γ-Glutamyltransferase; ALP, Alkaline phosphatase; CK, Creatine kinase; UA, Uric acid.

2 Data are presented as n (%), mean ± standard deviation (SD); TG, AST, ALT, GGT, ALP, and CK were reported as medians (interquartile range).

3 *P < 0.05 for IFG vs. NFG in the same sex.

Wu et al.

Wu et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:294   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-294

Open Data