Table 3

Multivariate multilevel analysis of PMTCT performance by site-, program- and contextual-level predictors: nevirapine coverage ratio (NCR)
β Coefficient p-value (95% CI)
Site characteristics
Activity (antenatal care)
  < 30 / month 0 (ref) -
  30 - 100 / month -7.6 0.05 (-15.1 ; -0.06)
  >100 / month -2.3 0.59 (-10.7 ; 6.1)
Country-level characteristics
Prevalence of HIV (% of population ages 15–49)
  <Median (1.2-5.4) 0 (ref) -
  >Median (6.4-23.4) 25.1 <10-4 (18.7 ; 31.6)
% With knowledge about PMTCT
  <Median (2.7-33.1) 0 (ref) -
  >Median (33.3-66.2) 8.3 0.04 (0.53 ; 16.0)
Health expenditure (% of GDP*) 3.9 <10-4 (2.0 ; 5.8)
Rural population (% of total population) -0.74 <10-4 (-1.0 ; -0.46)

*Gross Domestic Product.

Audureau et al.

Audureau et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:286   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-286

Open Data