Table 5

Percentage (95% CI) of men daily smokers who smoke within 30 minutes of awakening by demographic characteristics
Manufacturedcigarette smokers only Roll-your-owncigarette smokers only Dual users
Total 57.6 (53.9, 61.2) 64.3 (60.0, 68.4)* 60.4 (54.3, 66.1)
Age (in years)
 15–24 44.7 (34.1, 55.7) 61.4 (31.8, 84.4) 51.6 (36.4, 66.4)
 25–44 62.4 (57.4, 67.1) 66.1 (59.0, 72.6) 60.4 (52.7, 67.6)
 45–64 58.8 (53.0, 64.5) 67.0 (61.6, 72.0)* 70.0 (62.6, 76.4)**
 65+ 51.3 (41.5, 60.9) 58.7 (52.8, 64.5) 64.8 (50.4, 76.9)
Education
 none or less than primary school 54.7 (47.3, 62.0) 64.7 (60.0, 69.1)* 66.3 (57.3, 74.2)**
 Primary 60.8 (53.6, 67.5) 65.3 (55.7, 73.8) 57.4 (47.4, 66.9)
 Secondary 56.5 (50.6, 62.3) 60.1 (46.5, 72.3) 59.8 (49.6, 69.2)
 University 58.8 (49.4, 67.7) 64.1 (42.1, 81.5) 52.8 (33.1, 71.7)
Income
 Low 50.7 (41.8, 59.6) 65.2 (59.5, 70.4)* 55.4 (46.5, 64.0)
 Middle 57.3 (50.2, 64.1) 63.4 (55.8, 70.4) 61.6 (51.3, 71.0)
 High 61.1 (56.7, 65.3) 62.7 (54.4, 70.4) 65.0 (55.5, 73.4)
Region
 Bangkok 64.8 (59.5, 69.8) 73.7 (59.2, 84.4) 61.7 (45.1, 76.0)
 Central 59.8 (53.2, 66.0) 67.3 (60.7, 73.2) 66.4 (56.9, 74.7)
 North 53.6 (44.3, 62.5) 65.0 (56.5, 72.6)* 60.2 (42.9, 75.2)
 Northeast 50.8 (41.4, 60.0) 61.3 (52.6, 69.4) 60.2 (49.1, 70.4)
 South 58.9 (49.8, 67.5) 66.3 (59.3, 72.6) 57.4 (49.1, 65.4)

* p-value < 0.05 of the test for difference between roll-your-own cigarette only smokers and manufactured cigarette smokers.

** p-value < 0.05 of the test for difference between dual users and manufactured cigarette smokers.

Benjakul et al.

Benjakul et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:277   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-277

Open Data