Table 1

Perceptions regarding Lyme disease and preventive measures (n = 362)
Gender Age Education Employment status Overall
Male (%) Female (%) p-Value 18-29 (%) 30-49 (%) ≥50 (%) p-Value Low (%) Middle (%) High (%) p-Value Employed (%) Unemployed/retired (%) p-Value % n/ntot
Knowledge (5 statements)2
 4 or 5 correct 31 38 ns 31 35 35 ns 33 35 36 ns 32 38 ns 35 (125/362)
Perceived severity (scale 1-5; not at all – very severe/awful)
Seriousness of LD
 score 4-5 (severe/very severe) 93 97 0.047 96 97 94 ns 94 97 93 ns 95 95 ns 95 (344/362)
Severity being diagnosed with LD in the next 12 months
 score 4-5 (awful/very awful) 94 97 ns 100 96 94 ns 96 96 95 ns 95 95 ns 95 (345/362)
Perceived vulnerability (scale 1-5; not at all – very susceptible/likely)
Susceptibility to LD
 score 4-5 (quite susceptible/very susceptible) 38 34 ns 43 33 36 ns 31 35 44 ns 38 33 ns 36 (130/362)
Likelihood being diagnosed with LD in the next 12 months
 score 4-5 (likely/very likely) 4 4 ns 2 4 5 ns 3 7 2 ns 5 3 ns 4 (15/362)
Feelings of concern (scale 1-5; not at all – very worried)
 score 3-5 (a bit worried/worried/very worried) 51 55 ns 37 60 54 0.03 53 55 52 ns 56 50 ns 53 (193/362)
Perceived efficacy (scale 1-5; certainly not – certainly)
 Wear protective clothing (score 4-5) 92 89 ns 78 91 94 0.005 90 91 90 ns 87 95 0.01 90 (327/362)
 Check your skin after being outdoors (score 4-5) 79 87 0.04 88 81 84 ns 82 85 84 ns 82 85 ns 83 (302/362)
Remove tick from your skin (score 4-5) 73 71 ns 73 69 74 ns 68 79 67 ns 72 72 ns 72 (260/362)
 Use insect repellent skin products (score 4-5) 31 37 ns 31 39 31 ns 31 39 31 ns 36 31 ns 34 (123/362)
Perceived self-efficacy (scale 1-5; certainly not – certainly)
 Wear protective clothing (score 4-5) 40 37 ns 35 31 45 0.04 44 33 39 ns 33 47 0.005 39 (140/362)
 Check your skin after being outdoors (score 4-5) 59 69 0.03 69 62 64 ns 67 68 54 ns 63 65 ns 64 (232/362)
 Remove tick from your skin (score 4-5) 77 72 ns 78 71 75 ns 69 77 79 ns 74 75 ns 74 (269/362)
 Use insect repellent skin products (score 4-5) 21 38 <0.001 26 33 29 ns 36 29 21 0.045 28 32 ns 30 (108/362)
Intention (scale 1-5; certainly not – certainly)
 Wear protective clothing (score 4-5) 39 38 ns 24 29 49 <0.001 46 37 30 0.04 28 52 <0.001 38 (139/362)
 Check your skin after being outdoors (score 4-5) 48 58 ns 53 54 52 ns 53 57 47 ns 53 54 ns 53 (192/362)
 Remove tick from your skin (score 4-5) 92 93 ns 88 91 96 ns 93 92 93 ns 91 95 ns 93 (336/362)
 Use insect repellent skin products (score 4-5) 17 27 0.03 20 25 21 ns 26 23 15 ns 22 23 ns 22 (80/362)
Behavior (scale 1-4; never - always)
 Wear protective clothing (score 3-4) 39 36 ns 28 33 43 ns 37 38 36 ns 31 46 0.002 37 (135/362)
 Check your skin after being outdoors (score 3-4) 30 34 ns 39 31 30 ns 27 38 29 ns 32 31 ns 32 (115/362)
 Use insect repellent skin products (score 3-4) 7 6 ns 6 8 5 ns 7 4 8 ns 7 5 ns 6 (22/362)

LD = Lyme Disease; 2 The five statements were: people can get Lyme disease after a tick bite; during the summer, the chance on tick bites is higher compared to the winter; ticks mostly fall out of trees; about 1 in 15 people in the Netherlands are yearly bitten by ticks; using repellent skin products can protect against tick bites.

Beaujean et al.

Beaujean et al. BMC Public Health 2013 13:225   doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-225

Open Data